APOSTILA engenharia de produção 2009

APOSTILA engenharia de produção 2009

(Parte 1 de 12)

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CURSO DE ENGENHARIA DE PRODUÇÃO E ENGENHARIA DE PETRÓLEO

DISCIPLINA: INGLÊS INSTRUMENTAL

PROFESSORA: VÍVIAN GARCIA ALMEIDA LEITE

  1. BE – PRESENT (Is – am - are)

Is he/ she/ it at home now?

Am I at home now?

Are You/ we/ they at home now?

  1. BE –PAST (Was - were)

Was I/ he/ she/ it at home yesterday?

Wasn’t

Were You/ we/ they at home yesterday?

Weren’t

  1. PRESENT PERFECT (Have + past participle) (used for an action in the past with a result now)

I

We have cleaned the house.

You started

They

He

She has done the exercise.

It

O Present Perfect é formado de: Have ou has + Verbo no Particípio Passado.

Devemos usar o Present Perfect nas seguintes situações:

  • Quando uma ação começar no passado e continuar até o presente momento. Ex: She has lived here for 10 years.

As expressões: FOR – SINCE – LATELY – RECENTLY – São usadas para indicar o período de tempo.

  • Quando a ação tiver acontecido e não mencionarmos o tempo. Ex: I have watched that film. ( não indicou o tempo )

- Quando algo nunca tiver acontecido. Ex: We have never eaten lobster.

  • Quando algo tiver acabado de acontecer. Ex: He has just arrived.

  • Quando uma ação não tiver acontecido ainda. Ex: They haven’t called me yet.

- Quando a ação puder acontecer no tempo que você definiu na frase. Ex: I have gone to the movies twice this year. ( o ano não acabou e você tem a possibilidade de ir mais vezes )

4 - Main Auxiliares (Do, Does, Did, Would, Will)

PRESENT – I, YOU, WE THEY = DO

HE, SHE, IT = DOES

PAST = DID

FUTURE = WILL

CONDITIONAL = WOULD

1 - Where ________ you have lunch? (Past)

2 – When ________ you travel to France? (Future)

3 – How far _______ he live from here? (Present)

4 – What _______ you like to do now? (Conditional)

5 – What _______ you study yesterday? (Past)

6 – How _______ your brother go to school? (Future)

7 – How often _______ she go to the movies? (Present)

8 – Where _______ you buy these CDs? (Past)

9 – Whose house _______ you live? (Conditional)

10 – What _______ you wear yesterday? (Past)

11 – How long _______ they use the computer tonight? (Future)

12 – What _______ you like to wear? (Conditional)

13 – What _______ you like to do on a rainy day? (Present)

14 – What celebration _______ the children prefer? (Present)

15 – At what time _______ you go to bed tomorrow? (Past)

5 - ADJECTIVES:

LONG – SHORT RICH – POOR HOT – COLD TALL – SHORT

INTELLIGENT NECESSARY DIFFICULT

INTERESTING IMPORTANT OUTGOING

COMPARATIVE FORMS:

AS + ADJECTIVE + AS

JAYME IS AS INTELLIGENT AS BETH.

ADRIANA IS AS SHORT AS THAT GIRL.

MORE + ADJECTIVE + THAN (BIG ADJECTIVES)

CAR IS MORE COMFORTABLE THAN BUS.

PORTUGUESE IS MORE DIFFICULT THAN ENGLISH.

ADJECTIVE + ER + THAN

GISELE IS TALLER THAN ISLANE.

TODAY IS COLDER THAN YESTERDAY.

LESS + ADJECTIVE + THAN

BIKE IS LESS COMFORTABLE THAN MOTORCYCLE.

(Parte 1 de 12)

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