[livro] The Natural Way of Farming - Masanobu Fukuoka

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The Natural Way of Farming - The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy - By Masanobu Fukuoka - Translated by Frederic P. Metreaud. Contents: Preface; Introduction; Anyone Can Be a Quarter-Acre Farmer; "Do-Nothing" Farming; Follow the Workings of Nature; The Illusions of Modern Scientific Farming; 1. Ailing Agriculture in an Ailing Age; 1. Man Cannot Know Nature; Leave Nature Alone; The "Do-Nothing" Movement; 2. The Breakdown of Japanese Agriculture; Life in the Farming Villages of the Past; Disappearance of the Village Philosophy; High Growth and the Farming Population after World War II; How an Impoverished National Agricultural Policy Arose; What Lies Ahead for Modern Agriculture; Is There a Future for Natural Farming?; Science Continues on an Unending Rampage; The Illusions of Science and the Farmer; 3. Disappearance of a Natural Diet; Decline in the Quality of Food; Production Costs Are Not Coming Down; Increased Production Has Not Brought Increased Yields; Energy-Wasteful Modern Agriculture; Laying to Waste the Land and Sea; 2. The Illusions of Natural Science ; 1. The Errors of the Human Intellect; Nature Must Not Be Dissected; The Maze of Relative Subjectivity; Non-Discriminating Knowledge; 2. The Fallacies of Scientific Understanding; The Limits to Analytical Knowledge; There Is No Cause-and-Effect in Nature; 3. A Critique of the Laws of Agricultural Science; The Laws of Modern Agriculture; Law of Diminishing Returns; Equilibrium; Adaptation; Compensation and Cancellation; Relativity; Law of Minimum; All Laws Are Meaningless; A Critical Look at Liebig's Law of Minimum; Where Specialized Research Has Gone Wrong; Critique of the Inductive and Deductive Methods; High-Yield Theory Is Full of Holes; A Model of Harvest Yields; A Look at Photosynthesis; Look Beyond the Immediate Reality; Original Factors Are Most Important; No Understanding of Causal Relationships; 3. The Theory of Natural Farming; 1. The Relative Merits of Natural Farming and Scientific Agriculture; Two Ways of Natural Farming; Mahayana Natural Farming; Hinayana Natural Farming; Scientific Farming; The Three Ways of Farming Compared; 1. Mahayana natural farming; 2. Hinayana natural farming; 3. Scientific farming; Scientific Agriculture: Farming without Nature; 1. Cases Where Scientific Farming Excels; 2. Cases Where Both Ways of Farming Are Equally Effective; The Entanglement of Natural and Scientific Farming; 2. The Four Principles of Natural Farming; No Cultivation; Plowing Ruins the Soil; The Soil Works Itself; No Fertilizer; Crops Depend on the Soil; Are Fertilizers Really Necessary ?; The Countless Evils of Fertilizer; Why the Absence of No-Fertilizer Tests?; Take a Good Look at Nature; Fertilizer Was Never Needed to Begin With; No Weeding; Is There Such a Thing as a Weed?; Weeds Enrich the Soil; A Cover of Grass Is Beneficial; No Pesticides; Insect Pests Do Not Exist; Pollution by New Pesticides; The Root Cause of Pine Rot; 3. How Should Nature Be Perceived?; Seeing Nature as Wholistic; Examining the Parts Never Gives a Complete Picture; Become One with Nature; Imperfect Human Knowledge Falls Short of Natural Perfection; Do Not Look at Things Relatively; Take a Perspective that Transcends Time and Space; Do Not Be Led Astray by Circumstance; Be Free of Cravings and Desires; No Plan Is the Best Plan; 4. Natural Farming for a New Age; At the Vanguard of Modern Farming; Natural Livestock Farming; The Abuses of Modern Livestock Farming; Natural Grazing Is the Ideal; Livestock Farming in the Search for Truth; Natural Farming?In Pursuit of Nature; The Only Future for Man; 4. The Practice of Natural Farming; 1. Starting a Natural Farm; Keep a Natural Protected Wood; Growing a Wood Preserve; Shelterbelts; Setting Up an Orchard; Starting a Garden; The Non-Integrated Garden; Creating a Rice Paddy; Traditional Paddy Preparation; Crop Rotation; Rice/Barley Cropping; Upland Rice; Minor Grains; Vegetables; Fruit Trees and Crop Rotation; 2. Rice and Winter Grain; The Course of Rice Cultivation in Japan; Changes in Rice Cultivation Methods; Barley and Wheat Cultivation; Natural Barley/ Wheat Cropping; 1. Tillage, ridging, and drilling; 2. Light-tillage, low-ridge or level-row cultivation; 3. No-tillage, direct-seeding cultivation; Early Experiences with Rice Cultivation; Second Thoughts on Post-Season Rice Cultivation; First Steps toward Natural Rice Farming; Natural Seeding; Natural Direct Seeding; Early Attempts at Direct-Seeding, No-Tillage Rice/Barley Succession; Direct Seeding of Rice between Barley; Direct-Seeding Rice / Barley Succession; Direct-Seeding, No-Tillage Rice/Barley Succession; Natural Rice and Barley/Wheat Cropping; Direct-Seeding, No-Tillage Barley/Rice Succession with Green Manure Cover; Cultivation Method; Farmwork; 1. Digging drainage channels; ` 2. Harvesting, threshing, and cleaning the rice; 3. Seeding clover, barley, and rice, 176 4. Fertilization, 177 5. Straw mulching, 178 6. Harvesting and threshing barley, 179 7. Irrigation and drainage, 179 8. Disease and pest "control", 180 High-Yield Cultivation of Rice and Barley, 181 The...