software para elaborar e simular circuitos pneumaticos e eletropneumaticos
(Parte 1 de 3)
FluidSIM 3.6 Pneumatics
FluidSIM was launchedat the Knowledge-based Systems Department of the University of Paderborn.
Concept and development of FluidSIM 3 Pneumatics is based on research work carried out by Dr. Daniel Curatolo, Dr. Marcus Hoffmann, and Dr. habil. Benno Stein.
Order No.: 398029 Description: HANDBUCH Designation: D:HB-FSP3-GB Edition: 4/2004 Author: Art Systems Layout: Art Systems
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG, D-73770 Denkendorf, 1996-2004 Internet: w.festo.com/didactic e-mail: email@example.com
© Art Systems Software GmbH, D-33102 Paderborn, 1995-2004 Internet: w.art-systems.com, w.fluidsim.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited. Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved, in particular the right to carry out patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
1. Welcome! 7 1.1 About FluidSIM 8 1.2 Layout of the Handbook 9 1.3 Conventions 10 2. Getting Started 1 2.1 Technical Requirements 1 2.2 Installation 1 2.2.1 Installation with Program Activation 1 2.2.2 Installation with license connector 12 2.3 Supplied Files 15 2.4 De-installation of a Single-Position License 17 3. Introduction to Simulating and Creating Circuits 19 3.1 Simulating Existing Circuit Diagrams 2 3.2 The Different Simulation Modes 28 3.3 Creating new Circuit Diagrams 29 4. Advanced Concepts in Simulating and Creating Circuits 48 4.1 Additional Editing Functions 48 4.2 Additional Simulation Functions 59 4.3 LinkingComponents Automatically 61 4.4 Current Path Numbering and Switching ElementsTable 62 4.5 Displaying Quantity Values 63 4.6 Displaying State Diagrams 6 4.7 Superficial Circuit Checking 68 4.8 Coupling Pneumatics, Electrics and Mechanics 70 4.9 OperatingSwitches 76 4.10 Adjustable Components 80 4.1 Settings for Simulation 81 4.12 OPC and DDE communication with Other Applications 84 4.13 Settings for the OPC/DDE communication 86 5. Learning, Teaching, and Visualizing Pneumatics 8 5.1 Information about Single Components 89 5.2 Selecting Didactics Material from a List 96 5.3 Presentations: Combining Instructional Material 103 5.4 Playback of Educational Films 107 5.5 Settings for Didactics 110
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM 3
6. Special Functions 112 6.1 Drawing Layers 112 6.2 Graphic Primitives 113 6.3 Text Components and Identifications 117 6.4 Parts Lists 119 6.5 Printing a Window’s Contents 123 6.6 DXF Export 125 6.7 DXF Import 126 6.8 Using and Organizing Component Libraries 129 6.9 ManagingProjects 137 6.10 Saving Settings 139 7. Help and Advanced Tips 142 7.1 The Most Frequently Occurring Problems 142 7.2 Tips for the Advanced User 146 A. FluidSIM Menus 151 A.1 File 151 A.2 Edit 153 A.3 Execute 155 A.4 Library 156 A.5 Insert 157 A.6 Didactics 157 A.7 Project 159 A.8 View 160 A.9 Options 163 A.10 Window 165 A.1 ? 165 B. The Component Library 166 B.1 Pneumatic Components 166 B.2 Electrical Components 186 B.3 Electrical Components (American Standard) 195 B.4 Digital Components 199 B.5 Miscellaneous 210 C. Didactics Material Survey 212 C.1 Basics 212 C.2 Diagram Symbols 214
4 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM
C.3 Circuits 217 C.4 Air Service Units 224 C.5 Valves 228 C.6 Actuators 241 C.7 Exercises 244 C.8 Extensions 253 C.9 Educational Films 253 C.10 Standard Presentations 254 D. Messages 255 D.1 Electrical Errors 255 D.2 Drawing Errors 255 D.3 Operating Errors 257 D.4 Opening and Saving Files 258 D.5 System Errors 259 Index 261
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM 5
Contents 6 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM
Welcome to FluidSIM !
Thank you for purchasing the FluidSIM 3 Pneumatics training software. This handbook functions both as an introduction to FluidSIM and as a reference manual outlining the possibilities, concepts, and operation of the software package. This handbook, however, is not intended to help in defining special aspects of pneumatics. Concerns of this nature can be found in the Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG textbook series.
Users of this software are encouraged to contribute tips, criticism, and suggestions for improvement of the program via email at email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Moreover, the newest updates can be found at our Internet site at w.fluidsim.com w.festo.com/didactic
April 2004 The Authors
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM 7
FluidSIM 3 Pneumatics is a teaching tool for simulating pneumatics basics and runs using Microsoft Windows . It can be used in combination with the Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG training hardware, but also independently. FluidSIM was developed as a joint venture between the University of Paderborn, Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG, and Art Systems Software GmbH, Paderborn.
A major feature of FluidSIM is its close connection with CAD functionality and simulation. FluidSIM allows DIN-compliant drawing of electropneumatic circuit diagrams and can perform realistic simulations of the drawing based on physical models of the components. Simply stated, this eliminatesthe gap between the drawing of a circuit diagram and the simulation of the related pneumatic system.
The CAD functionality of FluidSIM has been specially tailored for fluidics. For example,while drawing, the program will check whether or not certain connections between components are permissible.
Another feature of FluidSIM results from its well thought-out didactic concept: FluidSIM supports learning, educating, and visualizing pneumatic knowledge. Pneumatic components are explainedwith textual descriptions, figures, and animations that illustrate underlying working principles; exercises and educational films mediate knowledge about both important circuits and the usage of pneumatic components.
The development of FluidSIM included special emphasison both an intuitive and easy-to-learn user interface. The user will quickly learn to draw and simulate electro-pneumatic circuit diagrams.
8 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM
1.2 Layout of the Handbook
The Handbook from FluidSIM has been divided into two parts. The first part serves as a user’s guide, and the second part functions as a reference book. The user’s guide contains chapters that introduce the user to FluidSIM. By following the chapters in order, the user will understand how to operate FluidSIM. The reference part contains a complete listing of the FluidSIM functions, the component library, the didactics material, and the FluidSIM messages.
User’s Guide Chapter 2 describes the computer requirements for FluidSIM, the installation process, and the meaning of the supplied files.
Chapter 3 contains small examples of circuit diagrams, showing how they can be simulated and how new circuit diagrams can be created.
Chapter 4 introduces advanced concepts of FluidSIM. Examples include the linking of pneumatic and electric components, the possible settings for simulation, and the testing of a circuit diagram.
Chapter 5 shows additional educational concepts. In particular, FluidSIM enables a user to pop-up a component’s technical description, to start animations, or to play a film with related information.
Chapter 6 describes special functions of FluidSIM including how to print and export circuit diagrams, along with the rearrangement of the component library.
Chapter 7 deals specifically with help for questions concerning the use of FluidSIM. It also includes tips for the advanced user.
Reference Appendix A contains a complete listing of FluidSIM menus and is intended to be used as a quick reference for all FluidSIM functions.
Appendix B contains the library of all FluidSIM components.
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM 9
Appendix C contains the component illustrations, the animations, the exercises, and the educational films.
Appendix D contains a listing of messages that may occur while using FluidSIM along with a brief explanation for each.
User instructions are indented and marked with the >arrow; important passages begin with the symbol.
The symbols found on the FluidSIM toolbar are represented in this manual with the appropriate icon; menu entries are shown framed; function keys are represented with their appropriate key symbol. For
|example is the icon used to start a simulation; File Open||indicates|
the “Open...” entry under the “File” menu; F9 stands for function key “9”.
In this manual the term “clicking” with a mouse means using the left mouse button. It is explicitly stated when the right button is to be used.
Values for quantities calculated and displayed in FluidSIM are expressed in the following units:
Quantity Unit of measure
Pressure (p) bar, MPa Flow (q) l/min Velocity (v) m/s Opening level (%) - Voltage (U) V Current (I) A
10 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM
This Chapter describes how FluidSIM is installed on your computer.
2.1 Technical Requirements
You need a computer with a Pentium processor or higher that runs using Microsoft Windows9x , Microsoft WindowsME ,M icrosoft WindowsNT , Microsoft Windows2000 or Microsoft WindowsXP .
If you intend to draw simple circuit diagrams or to simulate the existing circuit diagrams, 64 MB RAM is adequate. However, minimum 128 MB RAM is recommended to simulate complex circuit diagrams.
In order to play the educational films, you will need a CD-ROM drive that runs at double speed along with hardware for sound.
When you purchased FluidSIM, you received a CD and possibly a license connector . Aside from the educational films, the CD contains both the full version and the student version of FluidSIM.
The installation procedure is described in the following sections.
The full version of FluidSIM is available in two versions: A version that supports the automatic online activation and the license connector version.
2.2.1 Installation with Program Activation
With the first start of FluidSIM you will be asked to activate FluidSIM. The activation follows one of the following three variants. Automatic Online Activation
This variant requires Internet access from the computer where FluidSIM is to be activated and realizes a completely automated procedure.
In this variant an activation dialog box is opened that shows an Internet address (url) and your individual license ID. With this information you can generate your individual activation key at an arbitrary computer with Internet access. Then, the activation key has to be entered in the activation dialog box of the installation PC.
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM 1
2. Getting Started
Call Festo to receive your individual activation key
If you don’t have Internet access or if the Internet activation fails, you can call a service employee at weekday office hours who will provide you with your activation code.
2.2.2 Installation with license connector
Depending on the license model (single-position systems or network), the license connector is needed only during the Installation of FluidSIM or must be attached to the so-called license server.
The blue license connector for single-position systems defines how many times FluidSIM can be installed. If, for instance, you have bought a classroom license, exactly the corresponding number of singleposition installations can be performed. Note, however, that by each de-installation the license connector can be “recharged” by simply connecting it and starting the de-installation program (see section 2.4).
The green network license connector defines how many instances of FluidSIM can be running at the same time in the network. If you attempt to start more instances than the allowed number, an error message is displayed. If the license server is down or if the license connector has been removed from the system, all circuits that are already open and modified can be saved before FluidSIM terminates. If the license server is up again FluidSIM starts as usual.
FluidSIM Full Version: Installation from CD
> If you purchased a version with single-position license connector, make sure that your computer is switched off and attach the license connector to the parallel interface (LPT 1) of your PC.
Often there is a printer attached to the computer. The printer cables must be removed while installing FluidSIM.
> Turn the computer on and start MicrosoftWindows .
>I nsert the CD.
12 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM
|> Click Run||in the Start Menu.|
2. Getting Started A dialog box opens.
> Enter the following string in the space provided: d:setup.exe. Then click “OK”.
If your CD-ROM drive is configured differently, then be sure to use the appropriate letter in place of d:.
After a few seconds the startup screen of the installation program appears. Here you can choose whether to install the student version or the full version of FluidSIM. When installing the full version, please select the appropriate license connector (single-position systems or network). If you got a FluidSIM version for online activation no license connector is necessary but only your individual product ID is required, which is printed on the back of the CD cover. Note that the student version does neither require a license connector nor a product ID.
> Follow the directions as they appear on the screen. If you are unsure how to answer or are unsure of a question, simply click “Next>>”.
Note that with each start of FluidSIM the user name appears. Also note that the company’s name is stored in the license connector.
Import Online Activation Notes
During the activation of FluidSIM several features of your PC and the product ID are used to generate an individual license ID. This string is valid fory ourP C only. I.e., if yourP C is substantially modified ori f you want to use another PC, your FluidSIM license has to be transfered to the new hardware. This happens automatically, if you again activate FluidSIM when starting the program with the new hardware.
Note that reactivation means license transferral: After a reactivation on a new hardware FluidSIM cannot be activated again on the original PC.
© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG and Art Systems FluidSIM 13
2. Getting Started
Blue License Connector for Single-Position Systems—Important Usage Notes
To avoid a mistakenly loss of your licenses, please consider the following tips: Modification of the system configuration
De-install FluidSIM temporarily before you modify the system configuration (exchange of hardware components, re-installation of the operating system).
T emporary de-installationof FluidSIM
When temporarily de-installingFluidSIM, modified and newly created files can be preserved. A subsequent re-installation of FluidSIM will recognize these files.
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