APOSTILA engenharia de produção 2009

APOSTILA engenharia de produção 2009

(Parte 2 de 12)

EDIL IS LESS OUTGOING THAN CELSO.

SUPERLATIVE FORMS:

THE MOST + ADJECTIVE

JULIANA WILL BE THE MOST POPULAR SINGER IN BRAZIL.

HE IS THE MOST HANDSOME BOY IN THE CLASS.

CRISTIANO IS THE MOST OUTGOING STUDENT HERE.

THE + ADJECTIVE + EST

VANESSA IS THE RICHEST STUDENT OF THE CLASS.

LUCIANO IS THE SHORTEST STUDENT HERE.

MARLON IS THE FUNNIEST STUDENT OF THE CLASS.

THE + LEAST + ADJECTIVE

ENGLISH IS THE LEAST DIFFICULT SUBJECT.

FUSCA IS THE LEAST COMFORTABLE CAR.

NOTE: IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES –

BIG – BIGGER - BIGGEST

HAPPY – HAPPIER – HAPPIEST

FAR – FARTHER – FARTHEST

GOOD – BETTER – BEST

BAD – WORSE – WORST

FLÁVIO IS THE HAPPIEST MAN OF UNIG.

6 - Prepositions

At: 6 o’ clock (time / hora)

20 Cardoso Moreira Ave. (addresses / endere;os)

home / the club (places / lugares)

On: Monday / Tuesday (days of the week / dias da semana)

Assis Ribeiro Street (names of streets / nomes de ruas / avenues / avenidas)

the table (surface/ superfície)

In: January / March (months of the year / meses do ano)

2004 / 2002 (year / ano)

Brazil (countries / países / cities . cidades)

the drawer (containers / compartimentos)

For: Clean the house for me, please. (requests / pedidos)

This chocolate is for you. (intended for / intenção )

To: I want to go to Paris. (movement towards / movimentos em direção)

Attention: Leave for ( a place / um lugar )

He left for the office at 6 AM.

Of: Give me a glass of lemonade. (content / conteúdo/ quantity / quantidade)

7 - MAKE, DO, HAVE, TAKE

  1. THINGS WE MAKE:

Make a mistake (= an error) He made a few mistakes in the exam.

Make a meal (= prepare and cook something to eat) I had to make my own dinner last night.

Make money (= become rich) He made lot of money when he worked in America.

Make friends It’s not always easy to make friends in a foreign country.

Make a decision We can have the red ones or the green ones, but we must make a decision.

Make a noise I can’t work when the children make a lot of noise.

Make progress (= improvement) Her English is good now; she has made a lot of progress.

YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE!

MAKE THE BED MAKE A HOUSE

MAKE A CAKE MAKE A MISTAKE

MAKE A NOISE MAKE LUNCH

To make is generally for the PHYSICAL construction of something, with the meaning of to build (construir) or to create (criar).

Sometimes the use of to make is idiomatic:

To make the bed

To make a mistake

To make noise, sound, a speech

To make sense

  1. THINGS WE DO:

Do homework I forgot to do my English homework last night.

Do the housework (= cleaning) My mother does all the housework last night.

Do subjects (= study subjects) Did you do English at school?

Do a course I did a one-week course in word processing.

Do the shopping (= buy a food) I always do the shopping at the weekend.

Do research (= detailed study in one subject) He’s doing research in physics at Rome University.

Do (someone) a favour (= do something to help someone) I don’t have any coffee. Could you do me a favour and lend me some?

Do something/anything/nothing I didn’t do anything last night. That boy has done nothing all day.

  1. THINGS WE HAVE:

Have a rest (= relax / do nothing) They had a long rest after the game.

(Parte 2 de 12)

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