Violência contra as Mulheres

Violência contra as Mulheres

(Parte 3 de 3)

• O pessoal envolvido no projeto e os/as voluntários/as da comunidade precisam de apoio constante e de oportunidades para o aperfeiçoamento contínuo de suas habilidades.

• Mudanças de comportamento significativas demandam tempo.

1. UN General Assembly. Declaration of the elimination of violence against women. Proceedings of the 85th Plenary Meeting. Geneva: UN (December 20, 1993). 2. Heise, L., et al. Ending violence against women. Population Reports,

Series L, No. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Population Information Program (December 1999). 3. Watts, C. and Zimmerman, C. Violence against women: global scope and magnitude. The Lancet 359(9313):1232–1237 (April 6, 2002). 4. Campbell, J. et al. Health consequences of intimate partner violence.

The Lancet 359(9314):1331-1336 (April 13, 2002). 5. García-Moreno, C. et al. “Preliminary Results From the WHO Multi-

Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence.” Presentation at the World Conference on Injury, Montreal, Canada (May 2002). 6. WHO. Violence and Injury Prevention. w.who.int/health_topics/ violence/en/. (Accessed September 19, 2002). 7. Finkelhor, C. The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse.

Child Abuse & Neglect 18(5):409–417 (May 1994). 8. UNICEF and Innocenti Research Center. Early marriage child spouses.

Innocenti Digest 7 (March 2001). 9. Frank, M. et al. Virginity examinations in Turkey. Journal of the American

Medical Association 282(5):485–490 (August 4, 1999). 10. Diniz, S.G. and d’Oliveira, A.F. Gender violence and reproductive health.

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 63(Supplement 1):S33– S42 (1998). 1. Jewkes, R. Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention. The Lancet 359(9315):1423–1429 (April 20, 2002). 12. Ellsberg, M. et al. Candies in hell: women’s experiences of violence in

Nicaragua. Social Science & Medicine 51:1595–1610 (2000). 13. Åsling-Monemi, K. et al. Violence against women increases the risk of infant and child mortality: a case-referent study in Nicaragua. Bulletin of the World Health Organization (forthcoming). 14. UN Department of International Economics and Social Affairs. The

World’s Women: Trends and Statistics 1970-1990. New York: UN (1991). 15. UNFPA. Addressing obstetric fistula [fact sheet]. New York: UNFPA

(April 2002). 16. Serbanescu, F., Morris, L., and Marin, M. Reproductive Health Survey

Romania, 1999. Atlanta, Georgia: Romanian Association of Public Health and Health Management (ARSPMS) and the Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (September 2001). 17. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (INEI). Encuesta

Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2000. Lima: INEI (2001). 18. WHO. Female Genital Mutilation. Programmes to Date: What Works and What Doesn’t. WHO/CHS/WMH/9.5. Geneva: WHO (199).

Os autores deste número são Barbara Hane e Mary Ellsberg. Assistente de produção: Kristin Dahlquist.

Além dos membros selecionados do Conselho Consultivo do

Outlook, foram revisores deste número: Dr. C. García-Moreno, Dr. W. Im-em, Ms. N. Otoo-Oyortey, e Dr. L. Schraiber. Outlook agradece seus comentários e sugestões.

Outlook é publicada por PATH em Inglês e Francê s , e está disponível em Chinês, Indonésio, Português , Russo, e Espanhol. Outlook apresenta notícias sobre questões de saúde reprodutiva de interesse para os leitores de países em desenvolvimento. A Fundação Bill & Melinda Gates tornou possível este exemplar através de uma subvenção ao PATH para atividades de saúde reprodutiva. O conteúdo ou opiniões expressas no Outlook não necessariamente são aquelas dos fundadores do Outlook, dos membros individuais do Conselho Consultivo do Outlook,o ud oP ATH.

PATH é uma organização internacional sem fins lucrativos, dedicada ao aperfeiçoamento da saúde, especialmente da saúde de mulheres e crianças. Outlook é enviada, gratuitamente, para leitores de países em desenvolvimento; assinaturas para as pessoas interessadas em países desenvolvidos custam US$40 ao ano. Por favor, os cheques deverão ser nominais ao PATH.

A produção da edição brasileira foi realizada por bee-line idiomas(tradução ) e Maíra Golçalves (copydesk), Mônica Almeida e Mariana Maldonado (revisão técnica) e Ana Rosas (editoração eletrônica e produção gráfica).

Jaqueline Sherris, Ph.D. Diretora Editorial PATH 4 Nickerson Street Seattle, Washington 98109-1699 U.S.A. Phone: 206-285-3500 Fax: 206-285-6619 E-mail: outlook@path.org

URL: http://w .path.or g/resources/pub-Outlook.htm

Conselho Consultivo Giuseppe Benagiano, M.D., Director General, Italian National Institute of Health, Italy • Gabriel Bialy, Ph.D., SpecialAssistant, Contraceptive Development, National Institute of Child Health & Human Development, U.S.A. • Willard Cates, Jr., M.D., M.P.H., President, Family Health International, U.S.A. • Lawrence Corey, M.D., Professor, Laboratory Medicine, Medicine, and Microbiology and Head, Virology Division, University of Washington, U.S.A. • Horacio Croxatto, M.D., President, Chilean Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Chile • Judith A. Fortney, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Family Health International, U.S.A. • John Guillebaud, M.A., FRCSE, MRCOG, Medical Director, Margaret Pyke Centre for Study and Training in Family Planning, U.K. • Atiqur Rahman Khan, M.D., Country Support Team, UNFPA, Thailand • Louis Lasagna, M.D., Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University, U.S.A. • Roberto Rivera, M.D., Corporate Director for International MedicalAffairs, Family Health International, U.S.A. • Pramilla Senanayake, MBBS, DTPH, Ph.D., Assistant Secretary General, IPPF, U.K. • Melvin R. Sikov, Ph.D., Senior Staff Scientist, Developmental Toxicology, Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs, U.S.A. • Irving Sivin, M.A., Senior Scientist, The Population Council, U.S.A. • Richard Soderstrom, M.D., Clinical Professor OB/GYN, University of Washington, U.S.A. • Martin P. Vessey, M.D., FRCP, FFCM, FRCGP, Professor, Department of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Oxford, U.K.

PATH ( Programa para Tecnologia Apropriada em Saúde ), 2001. TODOS OS DIREITOS RESERVADOS.

19. Mohamud, A. et al. “Protecting and Empowering Girls: Confronting the

Roots of Female Genital Cutting in Kenya.” In: Haberland, N. and Measham, D., eds. Responding to Cairo: Case Studies of Changing Practice in Reproductive Health and Family Planning. New York: Population Council (2002). 20. Jewkes, R. et al. Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse of women in three South African provinces. South African Medical Journal 91(5):421–428 (May 2001). 21. Muhajarine, N. and D’Arcy , C. Physical abuse during pregnancy: prevalence and risk factors. Canadian Medical Association Journal 160(7):1007–1011 (April 6, 1999). 2. Gazmararian, J.A. et al. Prevalence of violence against pregnant women.

Journal of the American Medical Association 275(24):1915–1920 (June 26, 1996). 23. Murphy, C. et al. Abuse: a risk factor for low birth weight? A systemic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Medical Association Journal 164(1):1567–1572 (May 29, 2001). 24. Valladares, E. et al. Physical partner abuse during pregnancy is a risk factor for low birth weight: a case-referent study in Nicaragua. Obstetrics and Gynecology (forthcoming). 25. Stevens, L. A Practical Appr oach to Gender -Based Violence: A

Programme Guide for Health Care Providers and Managers. New York: UNFPA (2001). 26. García-Moreno, C. Dilemmas and opportunities for an appropriate healthservice response to violence against women. The Lancet 359(9316):1509–1514 (April 27, 2002). 27. D’Avolio, D. et al. Screening for abuse: barriers and opportunities. Health

Care for Women International 2:349–362 (2001). 28. Waalen, J. et al. Screening for intimate partner violence by health care providers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 19(4):230–237 (2000). 29. Kim, J. and Motsei, M. ‘Women enjoy punishment’: attitudes and experiences of gender-based violence among PHC nurses in rural South Africa. Social Science & Medicine 54:1243–1254 (2002). 30. d’Oliveira, A. et al. Violence against women in health-care institutions: an emerging problem. The Lancet 359(9318):1681–1685 (May 1, 2002). 31. Vlassoff, C. and García-Moreno, C. Placing gender at the center of health programming: challenges and limitations. Social Science & Medicine 54:1713–1723 (2002). 32. Guedes,A. et al. “Addressing Gender Violence in a Reproductive and

SexualHealthPrograminVenezuela.”In:Haberland,N.andMeasham, D., eds. Responding to Cairo: Case Studies of Changing Practice in Reproductive Health and Family Planning. New York: Population

Council (2002). 3. Gielen,A.C.etal.Women’sopinionsaboutdomesticviolencescreening and mandatory reporting. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 19(4):279–285 (2000). 34. International Planned Parenthood Federation/Western Hemisphere

(IPPF/WHR). ¡Basta! New York: IPPF/WHR (Winter 2001). Available online at w.ippfwhr.org/whatwedo/bastawinter2001.pdf. 35. Ellsberg, M. and Arcas, C. Final Report: Review of PAHO’s Project:

Towards an Integrated Model of Care for Family Violence in Central America. Washington, D.C.: PAHO (December 2001). 36. IPPF/WHR. ¡Basta! New York: IPPF/WHR (Summer 2000). Available online at w.ippfwhr.org/whatwedo/bast asummer2000.pdf. 37. Creel, L. Domestic Violence: An Ongoing Threat to Women in Latin

America and the Caribbean. Washington, D.C.: Population Reference Bureau (October 2001). 38. Salber, R.R. and McCaw, B. Barriers to screening for intimate partner violence: time to reframe the question. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 19(4):276–278 (2000). 39. Orhant,M. Traffickingin Persons:Myths,Methods,and HumanRights.

Washington, D.C.: Population Reference Bureau (December 2001). Available online at w.prb.org. 40. Beyrer, C. Shan women and girls and the sex industry in Southeast

Asia; political causes and human rights implications. Social Science & Medicine 53:543–550 (2001). 41. Orhant, M. and Murphy, E. “Trafficking in Persons.” In: Reproductive

Health and Rights: Reaching the Hardly Reached. Murphy, E. and Ringheim, K., eds. Washington, D.C.: PATH (2002). 42. PAHO. Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation in the Americas [fact sheet]. Washington, D.C.: PAHO (July 2001). 43. Michau, L. et al. “Mobilizing Communities to End Violence

Against Women in Tanzania.” In: Haberland, N. and Measham, D., eds. Responding to Cairo: Case Studies of Changing Practice in Reproductive Health and Family Planning. New York: Population Council (2002).

(Parte 3 de 3)

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