Market Leader Upper Intermediate

Market Leader Upper Intermediate

(Parte 5 de 8)

help them work more efficiently

ALLOTMENT = a small area of land in a town which a person can rent in

order to grow vegetables or flowers on it

TO LAY ON = to provide something for somebody, especially food and


TO WHISK = to take somebody somewhere very quickly and suddenly

FORWARD-LOOKING = planning for and thinking about the future in a

positive way

VEXED = a complicated problem that has caused a lot of discussion and

argument and is difficult to solve

TO MOUNT = to plan, to organize

BID = an offer to do work or provide services for a specific price

BOUNTY = food or wealth that is provided in large amounts

DAUNTING = frightening

10. Reading – activity D. Ask the student to answer the questions about the article.

1. By practicing 10 specified healthy behavior patterns.

2. The idea that employees should have a healthy balance between time

spent at work and time for themselves. Companies in the article are trying

to solve the problem by providing numerous benefits. They have been

successful in that hardly anyone leaves, perhaps, according to the writer,

because it would be daunting to leave companies that provide so much.

However, the basic problem of work/life balance is not being tackled.

3. a) Everyone is extremely happy.

b) The idea of leaving seems so difficult that employees decide to stay

where they are.

4. The answer is a).

5. Some employers provide subsidized housekeepers. One company

provides $10,000 towards the cost of adopting a child.

11. Reading – activity E. Discuss the questions with the student.

12. Ask the student for the meaning of fringe benefits.

13. Vocabulary – activity A. Ask the student to match the columns.

1. a

5. h

2. e

6. g

3. b

7. c

4. f

8. d

(Human Resources is the more modern term for personnel.)

14. Vocabulary – activity B. Ask the student to fill in the blanks.

1. a) satisfied

b) dissatisfied

c) satisfaction

2. a) motivating

b) demotivated

c) motivation

3. a) fulfillment

b) fulfilled

c) unfulfilled

4. a) inspiring

b) inspiration

c) uninspiring

5. a) frustration

b) frustrating

c) frustrated

15. Give the student “Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed”.

16. Give the student the text “Job Sharing”, from the Text Bank.

17. Listening – activity A. Set the context and discuss the question with the student.

18. Listening – activity B (track 25). Ask the student to listen and check his/her predictions.

Satisfied: women; the highly paid; those with promotion opportunities; the self-employed; the Swiss; Americans

Dissatisfied: those who work long hours; those in large workplaces; those without job security; those who commute long distances; Eastern Europeans; the Japanese

BLOW = an action or event that causes difficulty or sadness for someone

19. Listening – activity C (track 25). Ask the student to listen and answer the question.

1. high pay

2. job security

3. opportunities for promotion

20. Listening – activity D (track 25). Ask the student to listen and mark true or false.

1. false

2. true

3. true

21. Discussion – activity A. Discuss the questions with the student.

REPROGRAPHIC = reproduction of pictures or images that are designed to

represent objects or facts, especially in a computer


LOGISTICS = the practical arrangements that are needed in order to make

a plan that involves a lot of people and equipment successful

22. Discussion – activity B. Ask the student to read the text and compare his/her answers to activity A.

CASH-STRAPPED = having little or no money at the moment

SNOBBY = behaving in a way that shows you think you are better than

others (= snobbish) / snobbery (noun: behavior) / snob (noun: the


TO FORGO = (forwent / forgone / forgoing) to not do or have something

pleasant or enjoyable: I had to forgo lunch.

TO LONG = to want something very much

23. Discussion – activity C. Ask the student

1. a

2. b

3. a

4. a

24. Discussion – activity D. Ask the student

1. c

2. b

3. d

4. a

CATERING = the activity of providing and serving food and drinks at parties,

meetings etc for money

25. Write the sentence below and ask the student to analyze the subject and who did the action, so that he/she elicits the use of Passive Voice:

People are judged by their job titles.

26. Language Review – Box. Check the box with the student.

27. Language Review – activity A. Ask the student to match the verb tenses to the sentences.

1. c

5. d

2. e

6. g

3. h

7. a

4. b

8. f

PATERNITY LEAVE = a period of time that the father of a new baby is

allowed away from work

HALF-TERM = a short holiday from school or work in the middle of a term

TO HAMPER = to make it difficult for someone to do something

28. Language Review – activity B. Ask the student to fill in the blanks.

1. have been conducted

2. be perceived

3. are entered

4. were given

5. were paid

6. were paid

7. is reduced

SPRING = to come from

29. Language Review – activity C. Ask the student to write sentences based on the notes.


Questionnaires were distributed to all departments.

All managers were interviewed.

A sample of workers was canvassed.

Data on similar schemes was (or were) consulted.


A new scheme should have been introduced from Jan 1.

A system of team bonuses should have been adopted.

Other incentives besides financial ones should have been investigated.

Further research should have been carried out into a share option scheme.

The existing range of fringe benefits should have been maintained.

TO CANVASS = to ask people about something in order to get their opinion

or to get information

30. Give the student the verbs “Passive Voice Verbs Upper” so that the student makes up own sentences following the verb tenses proposed.

31. Give the student the sheet “Observation 4” so that the student practices Past Perfect Passive Voice.

32. Ask the student which are the most difficult situations he/she has to handle everyday. Ask about his/her responses to each one.

33. Skills – activity A. Ask the student to match the columns.

1. h

5. f

2. g

6. b

3. d

7. a

4. e

8. c

CLUMSY = moving in an awkward way and tending to make things fall over

34. Skills – activity B (tracks 26, 27, 28 and 29). Ask the student to listen and match the conversations to each topic.

1. Apologizing

2. Ending a conversation

3. Showing sympathy

4. Saying ‘no’ politely

TO RESIGN = to officially announce that you have decided to leave your


TO BE UP TO ONE’S EYES = to be very busy doing something

35. Skills – Useful Language. Check the language with the student.

36. Skills – activity C (tracks 26, 27, 28 and 29). Ask the student to listen again and find examples for other headings.

Saying ‘no’ politely

I’m really sorry, I really can’t.

Showing sympathy

I know what you mean. You’re not the only one who feels like that.


I’m really sorry. We’re going to have to…

Ending a conversation

Could we talk about this later?

37. Skills – activity D. Discuss the questions and responses with the student.

1. That’s really bad luck. I know how you must feel.

2. I don’t know how to tell you this but…

3. I was thinking that it would be good to have a chance to talk about the

contract over dinner.

4. I hope you don’t mind me saying this, but actually it’s not very

comfortable. Would it be possible to move?

38. Give the student the “Handling difficult situations”, from the Resource Bank.

39. Give the student the text “Job Loyalty”, from the Text Bank.

Unit 6 Risk (Complete)

Vocabulary: Describing risk

Listening: Managing risk

Reading: Risks from globalization

Language Review: Intensifying adverbs

Skills: Reaching agreement

Case study: A risky business

1. Warmer – Give the student an article concerning recent news and discuss it.

2. Ask the student to think about words which can come together with the word risky.









LENDING = the act of lending money

UNDERTAKING = an agreement

3. Ask the student to read the quotation and say if he/she agrees with it or not. Ask the student for arguments.

4. Starting Up – activity A. Discuss the questions with the student.

5. Starting Up – activity B. Ask the student to choose and explain his/her reasons.

POOR DIET = bad quality kind of food that a person eats every day

STOCK = a share in a company; (U) the total value of all of a company’s


SHARE = one of the equal parts into which the ownership of a company is


6. Starting Up – activity C. Ask the student to think of three risks businesses face.

7. Starting Up – activity D (track 31). Ask the student to listen and note down the risks mentioned.

1. doing nothing

2. credit or guarantee risk

3. political risk

4. risk of catastrophe or disruption (= the risk of not being able to continue

business as usual because of some unforeseen event)

8. Give the student the quiz “Stock Exchange” and check it after done.

GONG = a round piece of metal that hangs in a frame and which you hit

with a stick to give a deep ringing sound

CLOSE = the end of an activity or of a period of time

XCLOSING = the shutting of a factory, school etc. permanently

EDIFICE = a building, especially a large one

TO GAZE = to stare; to look at someone or something for a long period of

time, giving it all your attention, often without realizing you are

doing so

BILLBOARD = a large sign used for advertising

TO STRIKE (struck / struck) = to hit against the surface of something

TO RISE (rose / risen) = to increase; to go upwards


TO RAISE (raised / raised) = to move higher: raise your hand; to collect

funds: raising funds

9. Vocabulary – activity A. Fill in the table with the student.















TO ESTIMATE = to try to judge the value, size, speed, cost etc. of something,

without calculating it exactly

TO SPREAD = to share or divide something among several people or things

10. Ask the student to make up sentences with those verbs.

11. Vocabulary – activity B. Ask the student to match the columns in order to make up sentences and check it out.

1 e

2 f

3 g

4 d

5 c

6 b

7 a

LENDING RATE = the rate of interest that you have to pay to a bank or other

financial institution when you borrow money from them

ACTUARY = someone whose job is to advise insurance companies on how

much to charge for insurance, after calculating the risks

12. Vocabulary – activity C. Discuss with the student the categorization of the adjectives into high (H) and low (L) level.

Faint (L)

negligible (L)

slight (L)

great (H)

remote (L)

substantial (H)

huge (H)

serious (H)

terrible (H)

low (L)

significant (H)

tremendous (H)

FAINT = very small or slight

NEGLIGIBLE = too slight or unimportant to have any effect

13. Vocabulary – activity D. Discuss the questions with the student.

14. Give the student the text “Computer crime”, from the Text Bank.

15. Listening – activity A (track 32). Ask the student to listen to the second part of the interview with Allan Smith and answer the questions 1 and 2.

1 a) true

b) true

c) false

2 1. The company will end up with an obsolete product in an obsolete


2. The customer may not pay.

3. Government actions may change the situation.

4. A company may encounter fraud or criminal damage.

AT THE END OF THE DAY = used to give your final opinion

TO BE INTO = to like and be interested in something

TO STRIKE = to notice; to realize

TO FLOUNDER = to have a lot of problems and be likely to fail completely

TO SHIP OUT = to send goods somewhere by ship, plane, truck etc.

STOCK = supplies

16. Listening – activity B (track 33). Ask the student to listen to the following part of the interview with Allan Smith and answer the questions.

1 the information that companies have about risk  Companies should have good quality, up-to-date and reliable information available.

2 the management of risk  They should have a good management team in place to identify and deal with risks.

3 communication lines  There should be good lines of communication between the people in the company who will play an important role in dealing with any risk.


information ready and

(Parte 5 de 8)