Apostila preparatória para Vestibular - 20 ingles

Apostila preparatória para Vestibular - 20 ingles

(Parte 1 de 4)

Inclusão para a Vida Inglês

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AULA 01

O Simple Present Tense é usado para descrever ações habituais ou uma verdade em geral. Você não encontrará dificuldade neste tempo verbal, porque para todas as pessoas o verbo ficará igual , exceto na terceira pessoa do singular ( he , she , it ), onde o verbo receberá um “s”.

Exemplos: Nancy plays chess every night. Thieves always steal.

Pay Attention:

- Se o verbo terminar em: s, s, ch, sh , x , z ou o , acrescenta-se “es”. George does his homework every night. Leo watches TV every Saturday night. He never brushes his teeth.

- Se o verbo terminar em “y” precedido de uma consoante, tira-se o y e acrescenta-se “ies”.

Kate studies at night. Karen cries at the end of every romantic film.

- Se o “y” vier após uma vogal, acrescenta-se apenas o “s”.

Patricia usually plays cards by herself. Everybody says that I am too short.

- Expressões usadas com o Simple Present:

Everyweek

day night afternoon month year Sunday

Oncea year
twicea week

a day a month

-Alguns advébios de frequëncia : always , never , sometimes , usually , seldom, rarely e outros.

Interrogative and Negative forms ( affirmative form )

Technology protects people. They show some pictures to me.

( interrogative form )

Do they show some pictures to me ?
( negative form )

Does technology protect people ? Technology doesn’t protect people. They don’t show some pictures to me.

Assim observamos que o auxiliar do Simple Present é “does” para a terceira pessoa do singular ( he, she, it ) e “do” para as demais pessoas ( I , you , we , they ).

Exercícios de Sala

1.Chose the best form of the verbs to complete the sentences:

a- Mr. Martin _ downtown on foot every afternoon.

a- to gob- go c-gos d- goes
b- James usuallyblack clothes on

Saturday night.

a- wearsb- is wearing c- wear d- to wear
c- We _ exactly what we
a- knows / wantb- know / want c- know / wants

d- knows / wants

2. Complete the questions with do or does :

a-_ Helen live in London ? b-_ those girls work hard ? c-_ Susan have two lovely sisters ? d-_ you like to read books ?

3. Choose the best option to complete the following sentences: My uncle _ his new car.

a-likeb- likes c- liking d-is like
a-loveb- loves c- loved d- NRA

4. Teenagers _ that new song.

5. Put the sentences below in the Interrogative and Negative forms:

I-
N-

a) I drink milk once a week.

I-
N-

b) She does the dishes three times a day.

I-
N-

c)- She has breakfast early.

I-
N-

d) Marcelo studies Physics every Monday.

6. Complete the spaces with the correct form of the Simple Present Tense: a- He _ (to plan) the crime. b- Susan _ (to Know) exactly what she _ (to want). c- Mary _ (to spend) hours walking. d- I _ (to drink) soft drinks.

Inclusão para a Vida Inglês

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Tarefa Mínima

Text one:

The tree is a beautiful machine that works for the benefit of man. Most forms of life on Earth need oxigen. We do not get oxigen from industrial machines. We get it from the tree machine. The tree machine makes the oxigen that we need to take from the air.

Industrial machines pollute the air. Trees do not pollute the air. On the contrary, they clean it. The industrial machines make a lot of noise. The tree machine does not make any noise. On the contrary, it filters noise.

The tree machine does not need coal, oil, gas or electricity to work. Its fuel comes from water, sun light and carbon dioxide. When a tree dies, it helps new plants. The combination of water, insects, and micro-organisms in the soil causes the decomposition of a tree. When a tree dies, it gives nutrients to the soil for other trees use as fuel. So, the tree does not die, really. It recycles its substance for the benefit of all animal and plant life. Please remember: the tree is your friend. Do not destroy it.

Vocabulary: Earth: Terra (planeta) To need: precisar (de) To clean: limpar Noise: barulho Coal: carvão Fuel: combustível To die: morrer To destroy: destruir Soil: solo

7. According to the text, choose the CORRECT alternative to complete the sentence:

Trees don’t cause pollution, they _ the air.

a) take b) come c) pollute d) clean e) get

text above:

8. Choose the CORRECT alternative, according to the a) Trees make a lot of noise. b) When a tree dies, it recycles its substances. c) Trees need electricity to work. d) Trees don’t need sunlight e) The soil is composed by coal, oil, and gas.

9. According to the text, the author compares a tree with: a) A machine b) The Earth c) A man d) Life e) Micro-organisms

10. According to the text, select the CORRECT answer for the following question:

Who does the tree help when it dies? a) The industries. b) Insects and micro-organisms. c) All animal and plant life. d) The oxygen in the air. e) The soil, the water, and the air.

1. Select the CORRECT answer for the following question, according to the text :

Does the tree machine need coal, gas or electricity to work? a) No, it doesn’t. b) Yes, it does. c) No, they don’t. d) Yes, they do. e) Yes, it needs

12. Select the CORRECT English translation for the following sentence:

Nós vivemos no planeta Terra. a) You live on the planet Earth. b) Live in the planet the Earth. c) We can live on the planet Earth d) We live on the planet Earth. e) You lived in the planet Earth.

13. Identify the sentences in which the underlined verb forms are in the Simple Present Tense

1. The tree is a beautiful machine. :

2. Trees don’t pollute 3. Industrial machines the air. are polluting 4. Water and insects the air. caused 5. The trees decomposition. filter

Select the CORRECT, sequence from the top to the bottom: a) 1 – 3 - 4 b) 2 – 3 – 4 c) 2 – 4 – 5 d) 1 – 2 – 5 e) 1 – 2 – 3 the noise.

14. Select the alternative which presents the CORRECT affirmative form of the underlined verb in the sentence:

We don’t get

AULA 02 oxygen from industrial machines. a) are getting b) gets c) get d) have got e) got

Text two: A DAY IN THE LIFE OF FRED LEWIS

Fred Lewis, a fashion designer from New York, talks to

Margot Townsend:

I get up every day at eleven o'clock. I don’t like getting up early. I never eat breakfast – I sometimes have a cup of tea. I eat nothing during the day. I just don’t feel hungry at all.

I live about eight minutes from the office. I drive to the office every morning in my car – a black BMW. I love driving. I always wear black or navy blue. I don’t like bright colors.

I work from about noon till seven in the evening. I don’t mind working late. Before a fashion show I usually work until eleven or twelve at night. I eat out in restaurants about six nights a week. I hate going to new restaurants. I usually go to a few old favorites. I live with my daughter, who’s eighteen. The house is

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PRÉ-VESTIBULAR DA UFSC 3 always untidy. She hates cooking and cleaning the house and so do I! I don’t spend much time in my home.

I usually stay in New York at the weekend. I don’t mind that because I hate making plans. The traffic in New York is terrible but sometimes I just get in my car and drive.

Vocabulary: Matter: problema Staircase: escadaria Meat: carne Noon: meio-dia Almost: quase Daughter: filha Until: até Can: poder To stay: ficar, permanecer To spend: passar To hate: odiar To mind: importar-se

15) About Fred’s daughter is NOT true that
(E) She dislikes cooking

Exercícios de Sala (A) She’s eighteen. (B) She hates cleaning the house. (C) She likes driving her father’s car. (D) She lives with her father.

16) Mark the CORRECT proposition according to text two. (A) He dislikes driving. (B) He lives in a beautiful flat. (C) He never works till late at night. (D) Fred does not eat during the day. (E) Fred hates going to old restaurants.

(E) Fred likes cleaning the house

17) Mark the CORRECT proposition according to text two. (A) Fred gets up at twelve o'clock. (B) Fred eats out almost every day. (C) Fred is a website designer. (D) Fred lives far from his work.

18) Answer the question according to text two.

Does Fred live in an apartment?

(A) No, he don’t. (B) Yes, he does. (C) No, he doesn’t. (D) Yes. he is (E) No, he isn’t.

08Where does Fred live?
16How old is Fred’s daughter?
20)Text two contains information about Fred’s

19) Which question(s) CAN be answered according to text two: 01. Who does Fred live with? 02. When was the fashion show? 04. What is the traffic in New York city like? 01. daily routine

02. daughter 04. wife 08. occupation 16. habits

Text Three:

The Mountains

The Himalayas are the best-known mountain range in the world and Mt Everest, with a height of 8,880 meters, is the highest mountain. Since Edmund Hillary made the first ascent in 1953, mountaineers from many countries have managed to climb to the peak. Normally they need to take oxygen cylinders to help them breathe and other special equipment including ropes to connect themselves to each other. It’s a dangerous sport and many people have lost their lives, not just in the way up but during the descent as well.

Vocabulary: High: alto Height: altura Ascent: subida

Tarefa Complementar

21) Mark the CORRECT proposition according to the text. (A) The second person who climbed the Everest was Sir

Edmund Hillary.

(B) Some climbers die when coming down the mountains. (C) It is an easy sport because the climbers use ropes and other equipments.

(D) The mountaineers never have to take oxygen cylinders. (E) There are avalanches on the Everest.

2) Mark the CORRECT proposition according to the text. (A) The Everest is the highest mountain in Brazil. (B) There is no need of equipment to climb the Everest. (C) People from different nationalities have climbed

Mount Everest.

(D) Edmund Hillary is a famous peak. (E) People go snowboarding on the Everest’s slopes.

23) Mark the CORRECT proposition according to the text. (A) During the climbing is not difficult to breathe because there is much oxygen available.

(B) Helmets are important equipment for the climbing. (C) In some parts of the climbing the mountaineers use ropes to tie themselves to each other.

(D) Mt Everest is almost eight hundred meters high. (E) Mountain-climbing is not a sport.

24) Which question CANNOT be answered, according to the text? (A) When did Edmund Hillary climb the Everest? (B) Why do climbers need to take oxygen cylinders? (C) How long is the ascent of Mount Everest? (D) What are the Himalayas? (E) How high is the Everest?

25) Answer the following question according to the text:

Does a mountaineer need to take oxygen cylinders?

(A) No, they don’t. (B) Yes, he does. (C) Yes, they do. (D) No, they didn’t. (E) Yes, they does.

Inclusão para a Vida Inglês

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A song: LET IT BE (The beatles)

Speaking words of _(3, let it be
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be

When I _(1)myself in time of trouble Mother Mary _(2)to me And in my hours of darkness She's standing right in front of me

There will be an answer, let it be
There will be an answer let it be

And All the broken hearted people Living in the world _(4) For though they may be parted There is still a chance that they _(5)see

_(6)words of wisdom, let it be

Let it be, let it be, let it be, let it be

Shine until tomorrow, let it be
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be
There will be an answer, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom, let it be

And when the night _(7)cloudy There's still a light that _(8) on me I wake up to the sound of music Mother Mary comes to me Let it be, let it be, let it be, let it be Let it be, let it be, let it be, let it be AULA 03

O Passado Simples é usado para descrever ações acabadas num tempo determinado e para ações habituais no passado.

Também no Passado Simples, usamos uma única forma do verbo para todas as pessoas (exceto o verbo to be).

Veja os exemplos: I taught / You taught / He taught / We taught / etc. -Expressões que geralmente aparecem com o Simple Past:

lastnight

week month year Saturday

Two days
A weekago

One hour Two minutes

( affirmative form )Helen wrote a letter to me yesterday.
( interrogative form )Did Helen write a letter to me
( negative form )Helen didn’t write to me yesterday.

Interrogative and Negative forms yesterday ?

Assim observamos que o auxiliar do Simple Past é o “did” e usamos nas formas Interrogativa e Negativa. O verbo principal da oração fica no infinitivo sem o “to”. REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS

Regular Verbs

Os verbos regulares em Inglês são reconhecidos pela terminação –ed tanto no simple past quanto no past participle. Veja os exemplos :

InfinitiveSimple past Past participle
To love ( amar )loved loved
To walk ( caminhar )walked walked
To work ( trabalhar )worked worked

Há algumas particularidades que você precisa saber com relação aos verbos regulares:

InfinitiveSimple past Past participle
To dance ( dançar )danced danced
To agree ( concordar )agreed agreed

- Se o verbo terminar em “e” , acrescenta-se apenas o “d”.

InfinitiveSimple past Past participle
To play ( jogar , brincar ) playedplayed
To pray ( rezar )prayed prayed

- Se o verbo terminar em “y” e for precedido de vogal, deixa-se o y e acrescenta-se “ed”

- Se o verbo terminar em “y “ e for precedido de consoante, tira-se o “y” e acrescenta-se “ied”.

InfinitiveSimple past Past participle
To study ( estudar )studied studied
To try ( tentar )tried tried

- Se o verbo tiver uma sílaba e terminar em “consoante – vogal – consoante” ( c-v-c), dobra-se a última consoante e acrescenta-se “ed” .

InfinitiveSimple past Past participle
To stop ( parar )stopped stopped
To plan ( planejar )planned planned

- Se o verbo tiver mais de uma sílaba e a última for tônica, dobra-se a última sílaba e acrescenta-se “ed”.

InfinitiveSimple past Past participle
To admit ( admitir )admitted admitted
To omit ( omitir )omitted omitted

Irregular Verbs

Os verbos irregulares não apresentam regras para a formação do Simple past e Past participle ,ou seja, cada um tem uma forma própria de passado. Veja os exemplos:

To tell ( contar)told told
To keep ( guardar , armazenar )kept kept
To teach ( ensinar )taught taught

Infinitive Simple pastPast participle

Exercícios de Sala

a- walkb- will walk c- have walked d- walked

26) U. E . de Londrina – PR : I _ to school everyday when I was a child.

27) U. de Fortaleza – CE : I’m terribly upset. My team _ its third game this season.

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a- loseb- loses c- losing d- lost

PRÉ-VESTIBULAR DA UFSC 5

Iher six days ago.
a- leaveb- have left c- left d- leaved

28) Choose the best option to complete the following sentences:

a- beginb- began c- begun

29) They _ to learn Biology last month. d-nra

30) Put the sentences below in the Interrogative and Negative forms:

I-

a-You bought a new car two years ago. N- _

I-
N-

b- I drank milk when I was a child.

I-
N-

C- They watched the soccer game yesterday.

Tarefa Mínima

Text Four:

An attractive young woman had just deplaned at Los

Angeles International Airport, and stood at the gate waiting for someone in the crowd to greet her. After some time had passed, she approached a man who had not yet greeted anyone. “Are you waiting for a girl named Debbie?”, she asked cautiously.

The man hesitated for a moment, then smiled broadly and gave her a bear-hug and a semi-passionate kiss. Finally he stepped back and, a little sheepishly, replied, “No, I’m not.”

31) Select the INCORRECT alternative, according to text:

A) The man and Debbie didn’t know each other. B) They left the airport together. C) The girl asked the man if he was waiting for a person called

Debbie.

D) The woman stood at the gate. E) The girl did not know the person who would pick her up at the airport.

32) Which question(S) below CANNOT be answered, according to the text?

01. Who was the man waiting for? 02. Where did she land on? 04. What’s the girl’s name? 08. How did the man greet the girl? 16. When did she leave Los Angeles?

3) The text mentions: 01. The man’s name; 02. The gate number Debbie was waiting; 04. The type of kiss she received from the man; 08. Where she went when she left the airport ; 16. The airport’s name.

AULA 04

Text Five:

When Charlie Chaplin was at the peak of his popularity, there was a “Charlie Chaplin Contest” in an american theater. They promised to give a silver cup to the person who made himself look exactly like Charlie. The great artist decided to enter the contest himself. He came second.

Exercícios de Sala

34) According to the text, mark the INCORRECT proposition:

a) Many people knew Charlie Chaplin. b) The artist entered in the contest. c) The contest was in the USA. d) The prize was a silver cup. e) Chaplin was American.

35) The text is in the

a) Simple Past Tense; b) Simple Present Tense; c) Simple Future; d) Present Continuous Tense; e) Past Perfect Tense.

following sentence is

36) According to the text, the CORRECT answer for the Which contest did Charlie Chaplin participate? a) A contest for participating in a film. b) A contest for participating in a theater play. c) A sport contest. d) An imitation contest. e) A contest for the TV.

37) The INTERROGATIVE form of the sentence below is

Charlie Chaplin was a great comedian.

a) Was a great Charlie Chaplin comedian? b) Did he was a great comedian? c) Does he be a great comedian? d) Was he a great comedian? e) He wasn’t a great comedian?

A Song:

BANKROBBER (The Clash) My Daddy _ (1) a bankrobber But he never _ (2) nobody He just loved to live that way And he loved to _ (3) your money Some is rich, and some is _ (4) That's the way the world is But I don't _ (5) in lying back Sayin' how bad your luck is So we _ (6) to jazz it up We never _ (7) a shovel Break your back to earn your pay An' don't _ (8) to grovel The old man _ (9) up in a bar Said I never been in prison A lifetime serving one _ (10) Is ten times worse than prison Imagine if all the boys in _ (1) Could get out now together Whadda you think they'd want to say to us? While we were being clever Someday you'l meet your rocking _(12) Cos that's where we're spinning

(Parte 1 de 4)

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