Canon 7D From Snapshots to Great Shots 2010

Canon 7D From Snapshots to Great Shots 2010

(Parte 1 de 6)

Nicole S. Young

Snapshots to Canon 7D:

Great Shots From

To my mom and dad, for always believing in me and reminding me that I can accomplish anything I put my mind to.

I love you!

Before writing this book I never really considered myself a writer. Photography is my passion, and my writing was always limited to photography articles and posts on my blog. When I was asked to write the Canon 7D book for the From Snapshots to Great Shots series I was floored! Me… an author? Well, I made it through the entire process, and the experience was an opportunity that I am so happy to have had. But I didn’t finish the project on my own—I can honestly say that I couldn’t have completed this book without the help of my family, friends, and peers.

First and foremost, I want to thank my parents. You guys have always been there for me and are 100 percent supportive of anything I put my mind to. Thank you for being my biggest fans.

I also want to thank my friend, Rich, for his help throughout this entire process— for listening, photographing, and just being there when I needed someone to talk to. Also to my mentors, Scott and Rick—thank you for your advice and wisdom.

I’d also like to thank Ace, Amy, Araya, and Prince for supporting me when the dream I’m now experiencing was just a small glimmer in my eye. You were there in the beginning and are a big reason I’m here today. I’l never forget you guys.

Last, but definitely not least, I’d like to thank Scott, Ted, Valerie, Lisa, Sara, and the rest of the Peachpit team, who were an essential part of putting the pieces of this book together. Thanks for your patience and for giving me the opportunity to live my dream.

Contents

INTRODUCTION ix

CHAPTER 1: THE 7D TOP TEN LIST x

Ten Tips to Make Your Shooting More Productive Right Out of the Box 1

Poring Over the Camera 2 Poring Over the Camera 4 1. Charge Your Battery 5 2. Turn Off the Release Shutter Without Card Setting 6 3. Set Your RAW/JPEG Image Quality 8 4. Set Your ISO 10 5. Set the Correct White Balance 12 6. Set Your Color Space 17 7. Set Your Autofocus 18 8. Set the Picture Style 20 9. Enable Highlight Alert 2 10. Review Your Photos 23 Chapter 1 Challenges 28

CHAPTER 2: FIRST THINGS FIRST 30 A Few Things to Know and Do Before You Begin Taking Pictures 31 Poring Over the Picture 32 Poring Over the Picture 34 Choosing the Right Memory Card 36 Formatting Your Memory Card 37 Updating the 7D’s Firmware 38 Using the Right Format: RAW vs. JPEG 41 Lenses and Focal Lengths 4 Understanding Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO 50 Motion and Depth of Field 53 Chapter 2 Challenges 57

CHAPTER 3: CAMERA SHOOTING MODES 58 Using the Camera’s Mode Settings 59 Poring Over the Picture 60 Poring Over the Picture 62 Full Auto Mode 64 CA: Creative Auto Mode 64 P: Program Mode 6 Tv: Shutter Priority Mode 68 Av: Aperture Priority Mode 72 M: Manual Mode 78 B: Bulb Mode 82 How I Shoot: A Closer Look at the Camera Settings I Use 8 Chapter 3 Challenges 89

CHAPTER 4: SAY CHEESE! 92 Settings and Features to Make Great Portraits 93 Poring Over the Picture 94 Poring Over the Picture 96 Using Aperture Priority Mode 98 Lighting is Everything 100 Focusing: The Eyes Have It 104 Composing People and Portraits 107 The Portrait Picture Style for Better Skin Tones 112 Tips for Shooting Better Portraits 114 Chapter 4 Challenges 121

CHAPTER 5: LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY 122

Tips, Tools, and Techniques to Get the Most Out of Your Landscape Photography 123

Poring Over the Picture 124 Sharp and in Focus: Using Tripods 128 Camera Modes and Exposure 129 Selecting the Proper ISO 131 Selecting a White Balance and Picture Style 133 Balancing Your Image with the Electronic Level 135 The Golden Hour 139

Focusing Tips for Landscape Photography 140 Making Water Look Silky 141 Composing Landscape Images 143 Advanced Techniques to Explore 145 Chapter 5 Challenges 153

CHAPTER 6: MOVING TARGET 154 The Tricks to Shooting Sports and More 155 Poring Over the Picture 156 Poring Over the Picture 158 Stop Right There! 160 Using Shutter Priority (Tv) Mode to Stop Motion 164 Using Aperture Priority (Av) Mode to Isolate Your Subject 167 Setting Up Your Camera for Continuous Shooting and Autofocus 168 Manual Focus for Anticipated Action 175 A Sense of Motion 176 Tips for Shooting Action 179 Chapter 6 Challenges 182

CHAPTER 7: MOOD LIGHTING 184 Shooting When the Lights Get Low 185 Poring Over the Picture 186 Poring Over the Picture 188 Raising the ISO: The Simple Solution 190 Using Very High ISOs 191 Stabilizing the Situation 194 Focusing in Low Light 196 Shooting Long Exposures 199 Using the Built-in Flash 200 Compensating for the Flash Exposure 202 Reducing Red-Eye 204 2nd Curtain Sync 205 A Few Words about External Flash 207 Chapter 7 Challenges 208

CHAPTER 8: CREATIVE COMPOSITIONS 210 Improve Your Pictures with Sound Compositional Elements 211 Poring Over the Picture 212 Poring Over the Picture 214 Depth of Field 216 Backgrounds 217 Angles 218 Point of View 223 Patterns and Shapes 224 Color 226 Leading Lines 228 Splitting the Frame 229 Frames within Frames 230 Chapter 8 Challenges 232

CHAPTER 9: LIGHTS, CAMERA, ACTION! 234 Making Movies with the Canon 7D 235 Poring Over the Video Camera 236 Getting Started 238 Exposure Settings for Video 244 Composition 246 Focusing 248 Audio 250 Tips for Shooting Video 251 Chapter 9 Challenges 253

CHAPTER 10: ADVANCED TECHNIQUES 254

Introduction

If you are reading this book, there’s a pretty good chance that you have read other “how-to” photography books. Many of those books will be either camera-specific (how to use the settings on your camera) or will be about the methods and techniques used to create specific types of images (landscape, portrait, HDR, etc.). In this book you get the best of both worlds—you learn how to use your 7D and its specific features as well as the different methods and photography techniques to capture those images.

Here is a quick Q&A about the book to help you understand what you’l see in the folowing pages:

A: My goal in writing this book is to help owners of the Canon 7D learn more about the specific settings and features of their camera and put that knowledge to use to make great images. You’l also find a ton of general and advanced photography tips and tricks in each of the chapters to push your photography to the next level.

A: No. I wrote about what I feel are some of the most important features on your 7D, but don’t worry! There’s a lot of information in here. This is more than just a book on simple steps to get you started… I really dig into some of the advanced features to make sure that you get as much out of your 7D as possible.

A: Your manual does a great job of explaining how to use the features in your camera, but it doesn’t necessarily tell you why or when to use them. I tried my best to do both so that you not only know about the knobs, buttons, and settings in your 7D but also what the best situations are to make use of the features and settings on your camera.

A: At the end of each chapter I list a few exercises you can do to practice and solidify some of the techniques and settings you learned about in that chapter. Feel free to try them out if you like, and if you do, be sure to check out the Flickr group and share what you’ve learned!

A: Well, both! The first few chapters are going to give you a lot of basics behind your 7D and digital photography in general, so if you don’t quite have a grasp on either of those yet, it’s a good idea to read through them before heading on to the rest of the book.

ISO 3200 1/30 sec. f/4 24–105mm lens

The 7D Top Ten List

When I get a new camera, it is so much fun to open the box, dig in for the camera itself, attach the strap (or not), and run outside to start taking some photos. That’s always my first instinct, but what I should do is pull out the manual, sit down on the couch, and start reading and learning about all of the new features that my camera has to offer. Sounds boring, right? Well, maybe it is, but it ends up saving me time in the long run if I know more about my camera from the start.

If this is your first DSLR then you might be a little bit overwhelmed by all of the different features in the 7D. Manuals tend to tell you a lot of “how,” but not a lot of “why,” and jumping straight into the manual may initially do more harm than good if you’re not sure where to start. If you don’t have a grasp of the general settings, then some of the information in the manual won’t really have any meaning.

To help you understand more about your camera, in this first chapter I’l be discussing the top ten things that you should know before beginning any major photo-taking endeavors.

2 CANON 7D: FROM SNAPSHOTS TO GREAT SHOTS

AShutter Button BRed-Eye Reduction/Self-Timer Lamp CEF Lens Mount DEF-S Lens Mount

EFlash Button F Microphone GLens Release Button HDepth-of-Field Preview Button

CHAPTER 1: THE 7D TOP TEN LIST 3

AErase Button BPlayback Button CInfo Button DPicture Style Selection Button EMenu Button FQuick Control Button GOne-Touch RAW+JPEG Button

H Speaker I Viewfinder JLive View and Movie

Shooting Button

KAF Start Button LAE Lock/Reduce Button MAF Point Selection/Magnify Button

N Multi-Controller OCF Card Slot PQuick Control Dial QCard Busy Indicator RSet Button SQuick Control Dial Switch TLCD Monitor

4 CANON 7D: FROM SNAPSHOTS TO GREAT SHOTS

(Parte 1 de 6)

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