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Modern

MANDARIN CHINESE Grammar

Routledge Modern Grammars Series concept and development – Sarah Butler

Other books in the series:

Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar by Claudia Ross and Jing-heng Sheng Ma ISBN: HB 0-415-70009-4; PB 0-415-70010-8

Modern German Grammar, Second Edition Modern German Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern Spanish Grammar, Second Edition Modern Spanish Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern Italian Grammar, Second Edition Modern Italian Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern French Grammar, Second Edition Modern French Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern

CHINESE Grammar

Claudia Ross, Jing-heng Sheng Ma and Baozhang He

First published 2006 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016

Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business © 2006 Claudia Ross, Jing-heng Sheng Ma and Baozhang He

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN 10: 0-415-70011-6 (pbk) ISBN 10: 0-203-79994-1 (ebk) ISBN 13: 9-78-0-415-70011-5 (pbk) ISBN 13: 9-78-0-203-79994-9 (ebk)

This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2006.

“To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to w.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.”

Contents

Introduction ix How to use this bookxi

Part AStructures1

1Overview of pronunciation and Pinyin romanization 3

Part BSituations and functions41

18Names, kinship terms, titles, and terms of address43

2 Telecommunications and e-communications: telephones, the internet, beepers, and faxes51

25Expressing identification, possession, and existence61

28Indicating result, conclusion, potential, and extent69

33Indicating completion and talking about the past87

34Talking about change, new situations, and changing situations92

40Expressing cause and effect or reason and result112

vii

44Talking about movement, directions, and means of transportation125

49Expressing desires, needs, preferences, and willingness141

57Expressing gratitude and responding to expressions of gratitude160

Answer key169 Index 261

Contents viii viii

Introduction

Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar Workbook is a companion to Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar and is designed to help you to strengthen your command of Mandarin Chinese. It can be used alongside a Chinese language textbook in a regular language program, or as review material for self study. The Answer Keyat the end of the book allows you to check your answers as you work through the exercises. Exercises in the Workbook are graded in terms of level of difficulty, making the book appropriate for near-beginners as well as Mandarin learners at the advanced level in a high school or university program. Instructions are written in English, and all exercises are presented in simplified and traditional characters and Pinyin romanization.

TheWorkbook focuses on the major structural patterns and communication strategies used in Mandarin Chinese. Exercises focusing on structure are presented in Part A ‘Structures’ and those focusing on communication are presented in Part B ‘Situations and functions.’ Since successful communication is built in part on structural accuracy, there is overlap between the two sections. We recommend that as you work on situations and functions in Part B, you also practice the related structure exercises in Part A. For example, when working on Chapters 43 ‘Expressing location and distance’and 4 ‘Talking about movement, directions, and means of transportation,’ you should also work through the structure exercises involving prepositions in Part A. Use the table of contents to find exercises for specific structures or general communication tasks. Consult the Index for exercises focusing on specific topics such as illness, or the weather, or reciting telephone numbers. Follow the cross-references to Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar for explanations about structure and usage.

Chinese language study is an interesting journey. We hope that Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar Workbook and Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar are helpful in your navigation, and wish you enjoyment and success as you develop your language skills.

Claudia Ross

Jing-heng Sheng Ma

Baozhang He December 2005 x x

How to use this book

We have written this book as a companion to Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar to provide practice with the major structures and functions of Mandarin Chinese. Use it to strengthen your grammatical skills and your ability to communicate in Mandarin.

The presentation of material follows the order of presentation in Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar. You can work on the chapters in any order, selecting chapters that focus on the structures and functions that address your specific needs.

ThisWorkbook is divided into two parts. Part A focuses on structures. If you want to focus on basic structures such as the formation of numbers, or noun modification, or the phrase order of the Mandarin sentence, you should select exercises in Part A. Part A also includes some practice with Pinyin romanization, and some activities involving Chinese characters that will help you to use a Chinese dictionary. Part B, ‘Situations and functions,’ focuses on communication. When you want to practice giving an opinion, or politely refusing a request, or talking about the past, you should select exercises from Part B. You can work on related structures as you practice communicative tasks. For example, when practicing talking about the past you may wish to consult the chapters on verbs in Part A.

The exercises in each chapter are graded according to level of difficulty. One star (*) exercises are the easiest and target discrete language structures or functions. Two star (**) exercises are more challenging, and three star (***) exercises provide the greatest level of challenge in the book, typically focusing on language functions and incorporating many different grammatical structures.

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