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Modern

MANDARIN CHINESE Grammar

Routledge Modern Grammars Series concept and development – Sarah Butler

Other books in the series: Modern Spanish Grammar, Second Edition Modern Spanish Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern French Grammar, Second Edition Modern French Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern German Grammar, Second Edition Modern German Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern Italian Grammar, Second Edition Modern Italian Grammar Workbook, Second Edition

Modern MANDARIN

A practical guide

Claudia Ross and Jing-heng Sheng Ma

CHINESE Grammar

First published 2006 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016

Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business © 2006 Claudia Ross and Jing-heng Sheng Ma

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Ross, Claudia.

Modern Mandarin Chinese grammar : a practical guide / Claudia Ross and

Jing-heng Sheng Ma. p. cm. – (Routledge modern grammars)

ISBN 0-415-70009-4 (hbk.) – ISBN 0-415-70010-8 (pbk.)1.Chinese language – Grammar.

I.Ma, Jing-heng Sheng.I.Title.II. Series. PL1107.R65 2006 495.1′82421–dc22 2005030422

ISBN10: 0-415-70009-4 (hbk) ISBN10: 0-415-70010-8 (pbk) ISBN10: 0-203-79993-3 (ebk)

ISBN13: 9-78-0-415-70009-2 (hbk) ISBN13: 9-78-0-415-70010-8 (pbk) ISBN13: 9-78-0-203-79993-2 (ebk)

This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2006.

“To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to w.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.”

Contents

Acknowledgements xv Introduction xvi How to use this bookxvii Glossary of grammatical termsxviii A note on Chinese charactersxxvi

Structures

Part A

Contents

vii

viii

Situations and functions

22Telecommunications and e-communications: telephones, the internet, beepers, and faxes141

Part B

2.5Writing and reciting phone numbers, fax numbers, and beeper numbers145

28.1Indicating the result or conclusion of an action with resultative verbs 186 28.2Indicating the ability to reach a conclusion or result: the potential infixes de and bu191

Contents

shìde 233

34Talking about change, new situations, and changing situations 236

36.8  .. . bùdàn .. . érqil . . . ‘not only . . .
36.9  .. . yòu ... yòu . . . ‘both . . . and . . .’ 254
36.10  chúle .. . ymwài ‘besides . . .’ 254

Contents

41.1 ‘Ifthen’ conditional sentences 278

42Expressing ‘both,’ ‘all,’ ‘every,’ ‘any,’ ‘none,’ ‘not any,’ and ‘no matter how’282

44Talking about movement, directions, and means of transportation 302

xii

Contents

xiii

xiv

57Expressing gratitude and responding to expressions of gratitude 370

Index 388

We are grateful to the many people who have assisted us in the preparation of this book. We particularly thank Baozhang He for his careful reading of the entire manuscript and for his many useful suggestions, and Anne Shuqing Guo for providing some of the examples we use to illustrate the structures and functions of Mandarin. We thank our Routledge editor Sarah Butler for her detailed and timely feedback and for her patience. We thank our family members for their encouragement and help, Lester Ross, Jocelyn Ross, Adam Ross, and Weiyi Ma.

References consulted

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