05 - 34823486-Learn-Master-Drums-Lesson-Book

05 - 34823486-Learn-Master-Drums-Lesson-Book

(Parte 2 de 5)

• Get rebound from your strokes on the snare drum and bass drum.

• When you feel painStop! Take a break.

• Don’t get frustrated.

Going Further

Listen to some of the other songs on the Play-Along CDs.As you go through them,listen for songs that are slow enough to play along with comfortably.Then,try to find the pulse of each song and play it on the bass drum.Next,add the snare drum, playing on the beat and doubling the beat as in Exercise 6.Build up your endurance to eventually play with the track for the length of the entire song.

Online Resources Detailed assignments for the sessions and other helpful resources are online at w.LearnAndMasterDrums.com/resources.

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Play-Along Songs

The “Stay with Me”exercise can be practiced with

CD 4,TRACK 1- “Stay with Me” CD 4,TRACK2- “Stay with Me”minus Drums

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SESSION 2 - Basics of the Beat

Session 29Basics of the Beat

• Introduction to the Hi-Hat• Playing 8th notes on the hi-hat. • Playing the Bass Drum and Hi-Hat Together• Playing the bass drum while playing 8th notes on

• Adding the Snare Drumthe hi-hat.

• Playing Your First Drumbeats• Playing a backbeat on the snare while playing the bass drum with 8ths or 16ths on the hi-hat.

Introduction to the Hi-Hat

The HI-HAT is a pair of cymbals struck together by a spring loaded pedal.The top cymbal is pulled toward the bottom cymbal by a rod connected to the pedal.The hi-hat combined with the bass drum and snare form the nucleus of the drumset.

The hi-hat can be played with the foot,with the sticks,or a combination of both,creating endless expressive possibilities.The player is able to change the feel or mood of a song instantaneously by playing the hi-hat closed,open,or even slightly open. Quickly opening and closing the hi-hat while striking it also adds excitement to the groove.

In setting up the hi-hat,be careful not to set the height too low or too high.If the height is set too low the stick in your right hand will hit the stick in your left hand when playing.If it is set too high your right arm will stick out,putting stress on your shoulder.

Set the distance between the top and bottom cymbals to one inch. The left foot “heel up”position is a good starting position to play the hi-hat.The weight of the leg in this position keeps the cymbals together.

Hi-Hat Exercises

Play through these exercises for practice using the hi-hat.Lift the leg up slightly on the “and”of 1 and drop the weight of your leg on 2.Do the same on the “and”of 3 and drop it on 4.

Exercise 1 Playing the Hi-Hat with the foot

Learn &Master Drums Estimated Time to Learn These Concepts - 1 Week

Playing Tip: Comfort

Correctly setting up the drumset and comfortably playing its basic components are the keys to freedom of expression on the instrument.

Playing Tip: Don’t Lift Your Foot

Remember,don't lift your foot off the hi-hat footboard.The left foot should always remain in contact with the footboard.

“If you think of practicing as developing the muscles,you will eliminate the nervousness and hesitation in your playing. Remember,before anything can groove,it must feel good body-wise. The muscles have to be trained and stretched slowly in order for you to make them do what you want them to do.”

~ Gary Chester,Drum teacher,author,studio musician

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Session 210Basics of the Beat

Start out playing the following exercise on the pulse for a while,then try doubling the pulse.Remember to use the fishing rod motion covered in session 1. Play the following exercise with CD 5,Track 2.

Exercise 2 Play the Hi-Hat on the pulse,then double the pulse.

Playing the Bass Drum and Hi-Hat Together

Developing the correct muscle coordination to play several different components of the drumset at once takes repetition.In the following exercise,practice playing the bass drum in both the heel down and heel up positions and remember to play the hi-hat with a relaxed,loose grip in the right hand.Play the following exercise with CD 5,Track 2.

Exercise 3 Play 8th notes on the Hi-Hat and the pulse on the Bass Drum.

Adding the Snare Drum

We're going to put together your first groove on the drums with three limbs (right hand,right foot,and left hand) by incorporating the snare drum on “backbeats.”Working the three limbs in this fashion is the basis of what we'l be doing in many future sessions.

Play the following exercise a couple of times through using a heel down approach on the bass drum.Then play through it again using the heel up approach.

Exercise 4: The Mother of All Beats Bass Drum on the pulse,8th notes on the Hi-Hat and the Snare on beats 2 & 4

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Play-Along Songs

Exercises 2 & 3 can be practiced with CD 5,TRACK2- “Bullabunga”

Key Idea: Bass Drum & Hi-Hat Coordination

Coordinating the right foot on the bass drum and the right hand on the hi-hat is vital.

Key Idea: Backbeat

The BACKBEATS are beats 2 and 4 of a “4”count. A backbeat is the part of the groove that you clap your hands or snap your fingers to.

Play-Along Songs

The Mother of All Beats can be practiced with

CD 3,TRACK 6- “I Don’t Want to Know” CD 3,TRACK8- “Mysticized” CD 4,TRACK2- “Stay with Me” CD 4,TRACK6- “J.B.Machine” CD 5,TRACK2- “Bullabunga”

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Session 211Basics of the Beat

Subdividing the Beat:Quarters,8ths,and 16ths

You might be asking,“What does he mean by bars,quarter notes,8th notes,and sixteenth notes?”These terms and the rhythms they represent are just that … terms.They're a way to communicate between musicians.

Right now it's important to know the difference between the sounds of quarter notes,8th notes,and 16th notes in a rhythmic stream.So far,each beat has been subdivided one of two ways–either one quarter note or two eighth notes.Now we are going to subdivide the beat one step further into four sixteenth notes.

Alternating Sixteenth Notes

Playing alternating sixteenth notes involves playing eighth notes with the right hand and inserting left hand beats between each of the right hand eighth notes.Sixteenth notes are counted “One - e - and - a,two - e - and -a,”etc.

Set your metronome to 60 beats per minute (bpm) and practice the following exercises,playing alternating sixteenth notes on a closed hi-hat.

Alternating Sixteenth Notes Play on a closed Hi-Hat with metronome set to 60 bpm

Exercise 5 Play 8th notes on Hi-Hat then alternating 16ths

Exercise 6 Alternating 16ths on the Hi-Hat with pulse in the Bass Drum

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Playing Tip: The Mother of All Beats

When looking for inspiration,use this beat as a starting point for more creative beats.Experiment playing this beat at various tempos–slow and fast.Try incorporating other drums into the rhythm,like substituting a tom for the hi-hat rhythm,for example.

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Session 212Basics of the Beat

This next exercise is your second full beat.Set your metronome to 50 bpm and practice it slowly at first then raise the tempo. This beat can be played with many of the songs on the Play-Along CDs.

Exercise 7: The Dance Beat Alternating 16ths on the Hi-Hat with Bass Drum and Snare on 2 & 4

You're Ready to Move On When…

• The bass drum,snare drum,and hi-hat are set up properly so that there is no tension in your body as you play. • You can play all the tunes in the session assignment given online and hold the tempo through the entire song.

Tips for Improving

• Remember to stretch a little before each practice session. • Take breaks every 15 minutes or so of practicing,especialy if the music is difficult for you.You'l be amazed how quickly you master the problem you had only 10 minutes before!

Going Further

• Purchase a metronome and a set of noise isolation headphones.These will become two of your most important drumming tools. • Go through your music collection find songs or CDs of your favorite music.Put on the headphones and play along.Try out some of the beats from this session and see if they fit the music.If not,how can you modify them to make them fit? Playing along with recordings is a great way to learn drumming.Try it!

Online Resources Detailed assignments for the sessions and other helpful resources are online at w.LearnAndMasterDrums.com/resources.

Learn &Master Drums

Play-Along Songs

The Dance Beat can be practiced with

CD 3,TRACK 12 - “Rock n’ Mo” CD 4,TRACK 10 - “Hold Up” CD 4,TRACK 12 - “Livin’ Single”

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SESSION 3 - Musical Notation

Session 313Musical Notation

To be the best you can be on the drums,it is important that you learn how to read standard musical notation.In the world of the working musician,there isn't much time for rehearsing songs over and over until the band gets it right.You need to get it right the first time and that’s how reading musical charts will help.Learning to read music will make your life,and the lives of the other musicians you work with,much easier.Don't worry.Learning to read music won’t take away your “earthiness”or contaminate your ability to play from your heart.What it will do is make you much more employable. Reading music is vitally important for your musicianship but don’t let it substitue for developing your ears.

The Basics of Reading Music

Music is written on a STAFF consisting of 5 horizontal lines.Music is read from left to right just like you would read a book.BARLINES split the music staff into equal segments called MEASURES or BARS.At the end of a section of music you will see a DOUBLE BARLINE.An ENDING BARLINE is used to indicate the end of a piece of music.

Parts of a Music Staff

A REPEAT SIGN is a double barline with two dots.It means to repeat a section of music.The player would repeat back to a previous backwards repeat sign or the beginning of the song,whichever comes first.

Repeat Sign A double barline with two dots,indicating repetition of music.

Learn &Master Drums Estimated Time to Learn These Concepts - 2 Weeks

• The Basics of Reading Music • Notes and Rests

• Time Signatures

• Musical Terms

• Understanding the music staff,repeat signs,and time signatures. • Understanding note and rest values.

• Reading quarter notes.

• Reading eighth notes.

• Understanding straight and swing interpretations of the beats.

“I know that the twelve notes in each octave and the variety of rhythm offer me opportunities that all of human genius will never exhaust.”

~ Igor Stravinsky,Composer (1882-1971)

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Session 314Musical Notation

Clefs

At the beginning of each staff is a clef.Music uses CLEFS to indicate to the player what types of instruments a particular piece of music is written for.

The clef used for higher pitched instruments is a TREBLE CLEF. The clef used for lower pitched instruments is a BASS CLEF. The clef used for drums is the NEUTRAL CLEF.

Notes and Rests

Music is made up of sound and silence.Sound is notated in music with NOTES and silence is indicated by symbols called RESTS.The notes tell you when to play and the rests tell you when not to play.Notes and rests are used on the music staff to indicate rhythm and duration.

Parts of a Note A NOTE has three basic parts:the NOTE HEAD,the STEM,and the FLAG.

When two or more notes of the same type are played together in succession,the flags are connected and change to BEAMS.

Instead of We have

Each type of note has a corresponding rest which takes up the same amount of musical duration.Here is a chart of the types of notes,their corresponding rests,and their duration.

Type of NoteSymbolRestDuration Whole Note4 Beats

Half Note2 Beats

Quarter Note1 Beat

Eighth Note1/2 Beat

Sixteenth Note 1/4 Beat Thirty-Second Note1/8 Beat

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Playing Tip: Triplets

TRIPLETS are used to indicate three equal subdivisions of one beat.They are notated as three beamed eighth notes with a 3 over the beam.Triplets are counted as “1-trip-let.”

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Session 315Musical Notation

Time Signatures

In music TIME SIGNATURES to define how measures are divided in a piece of music.Time signatures are expressed numerically as a fraction.The TOP NUMBER or numerator tells you how many beats are in each measure.The BOTTOM NUMBER or denominator tells you what kind of note gets the beat.

Here are some examples:

The Note Tree

Note values are subdivisions of each other.To fill a measure of 4/4 time,you could use one whole note or 4 quarter notes or 16 sixteenth notes or a variety of different note combinations.Think of the notes within a measure as a musical pie that can be sliced in a variety of different ways.

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Playing Tip: Time Signature Abbreviations

afor the time signature.

The time signature of 4/4 is often referred to as COMMON TIME and is sometimes represented as

The time signature of 2/2 is often referred to as CUT TIME and is sometimes represented as a for the time signature.

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Session 316Musical Notation

Dotted Notes

A DOT following a note changes the rhythmic value of the note.DOTS increase a note's value by one half.Here are some examples.

Dal Segno–Go back to the signoccurring earlier in the music,then read the music to the end.

Musical Terms Go back to the beginning of the piece. When you see a coda sign,jump to the same sign at the end of the piece. You've reached the end of the musical piece.

SYNCOPATIONSYNCOPATION means playing off the beat.

DOWNBEATThe DOWNBEAT is the first beat of the measure–beat 1.The downbeat can also refer to the first part of the beat of a more complex rhythm.

UPBEATThe UPBEAT refers to the “and”s of the beat or eighth note off beats.

BACKBEATBACKBEAT refers to beats 2 and 4 of a measure.They are often accented,as in Rock or R & B drumming.

PULSEPULSE is the main organization of beats and is represented by the lower number in the time signature.

METER / TIMEMETER or TIME refers to the even space between notes in a composition.If the space between the notes is perfectly even from note to note,the musician is playing in “perfect meter.”

GROOVEGROOVE is used to indicate an underlying rhythmic feel of a song.It can also indicate that the drummer is playing with good time and generally is used in the context of blending with other musicians.

GHOST NOTESGHOST NOTES are subdivisions of the beat which are played very softly and extremely deemphasized.They are deemphasized almost to the point of silence so that the ghost note then represents a rhythmic placeholder in much the same way as a rest.

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Beats (2+1)

Beats (4+2)

Beats (1+1/2)

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Session 317Musical Notation

METRONOMEA METRONOME is an electronic device that clicks off tempos in beats per minute.A metronome is an invaluable practice tool for any musician to develop and improve timing.

BEATS PER MINUTEThe tempo or speed of a piece of music is expressed as BEATS PER MINUTE or abbreviated BPM.The lower the number,the slower the tempo or click of the metronome will be.

Straight vs. Swing Beats

When looking at a piece of music,the drummer can interpret the rhythms shown in a variety of ways.Identical rhythms can be interpreted or played with different approaches creating two very different sounds.The two methods of interpreting music are STRAIGHT and SWING.

(Parte 2 de 5)

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