05 - 34823486-Learn-Master-Drums-Lesson-Book

05 - 34823486-Learn-Master-Drums-Lesson-Book

(Parte 3 de 5)

Playing music STRAIGHT means playing the rhythms exactly as they are written,often with strict,even eighth notes.

When playing music SWING,the eighth notes are played as a triplet feel with the middle note left out,creating a lope in the rhythm.This type of rhythm is called a SHUFFLE.For example:

Using the Reading Pages

Several times during the course you will need to refer to the Reading Pages at the back of the book for exercises.In Session 3 on the DVD,you will need to use the Quarter Note Reading Page found on page 108 and the Eighth Note Reading Page 1 found on page 109.

Quarter Note Music Reading Exercises

These exercises,demonstrated on the DVD,use the Quarter Note Reading Page on page 108.Play through the quarter note exercises to practice reading quarter notes and rests.Play them slowly at first,then gradually increase your speed. Remember to use a metronome.

Quarter Note Warm-Up Exercises Practice playing the rhythms using quarter notes and rests. Repeat each measure as indicated.

Learn &Master Drums Legacy_Drums_LB_Master_v6 8/5/08 8:42 AM Page 17

Session 318Musical Notation

Quarter Note Reading Page Play the exercise on the Snare Drum using alternating (R,L,R,L) sticking.

Eighth Note Music Reading Exercises

These exercises,demonstrated on the DVD,use the Eighth Note Reading Page 1 on page 109.Play through the eighth note exercises to practice reading eighth notes.Play them slowly at first,then gradually increase your speed.

Eighth Note Reading Page 1 Play the exercise on the Snare Drum using alternating (R,L,R,L) sticking.

After playing through the page several times,try playing the rhythms using a swing feel.

As demonstrated on the DVD,the exercise can also be played as an ongoing stream of triplets with the written notes played as accents.(This is a fairly advanced concept,so don't feel discouraged if this is a bit beyond your ability right now-you'l get there.)

You're Ready to Move On When…

• You can play the entire Quarter Note Reading Page on page 108 and the Eighth Note Reading Page 1 on page 109 with no mistakes at 100 bpm.

Going Further

• Purchase the book The Reading Encyclopediaby Gary Hess and work through the reading exercises.This book and the others recommended online include reading exercises that will become the melodies for practicing all kinds of different drumming techniques dealt with throughout this course–from independence,to the development of technique in the hands, to fill ideas.

Online Resources Detailed assignments for the sessions and other helpful resources are online at w.LearnAndMasterDrums.com/resources.

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SESSION 4 - The Ride Cymbal

Session 419The Ride Cymbal

Ride Cymbal Technique

The RIDE CYMBAL is the largest of the cymbals on the drum set.It should be positioned so that your arm does not have to reach out very far to play it.You should be able to reach it comfortably,without stretching.Play the ride cymbal using the fishing rod or rebounding stroke discussed in Session 1 but with your hand turned slightly so that the back of the hand is facing up.

There are several techniques to play this versatile sounding cymbal.

1.Strike the cymbal two-thirds of the distance from the bell for general playing. 2.Use the tip of the stick on the bell for a light,high-pitched effect. 3.Use the shaft of the stick on the bell for a sharp,aggressive sound. 4.Use the shaft of the stick to ride on the cymbal during loud driving passages. 5.Use the shaft of the stick on the edge of the cymbal.

Drum Notation

DRUM NOTATION in music indicates the different drums and cymbals of the set by changing the notehead and position of the notes on the staff.All cymbals are notated with an “X”notehead and all drums use a traditional notehead.

Quarter Note Ride Cymbal Exercises

Play the following exercises using proper fishing rod rebounding technique on the ride cymbal.Eventually work up to a metronome speed of 80-95 beats per minute or bpm.

Learn &Master Drums Estimated Time to Learn These Concepts - 1-2 Weeks

• Ride Cymbal Technique • Drum Notation

• Quarter Note Coordination with Bass,Snare,and Hi-

Hat • Eighth Note Coordination with Bass,Snare,and Hi-Hat

• Playing the Bell of the Ride Cymbal

• Developing a proper ride cymbal stroke. • Playing basic Rock rhythms with quarter note ride.

• Playing basic Rock rhythms with eighth note ride.

• Playing basic Rock rhythms with eighth note ride and accented upbeats.

“I didn't play drums to make money. I played drums because I loved themMy soul is that of a drummer ... I didn't

do it to become rich and famous,I did it because it was the love of my life.”

~ Ringo Starr,Drummer for The Beatles

Playing Tip: Grip

When playing the ride cymbal,strive for a loose grip with lots of rebound.A tight grip that jams the stick into the cymbal will produce a bad sound and hurt your hand.

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Session 420The Ride Cymbal

Exercise 1 Quarter Notes on the Ride Cymbal

Exercise 2 Quarter Notes on the Ride Cymbal and Bass Drum

Exercise 3 Quarter Note Ride Cymbal and Bass Drum,Snare on 2 & 4

Exercise 4 Quarter Note Ride Cymbal and Bass Drum,Snare and Hi-Hat on 2 & 4

Exercise 4 Hi-Hat Variation Quarter Notes on closed Hi-Hat and Bass Drum,Snare on 2 & 4

Learn &Master Drums

Play-Along Songs

Exercises 1–4 can be practiced with

CD 1,TRACK 4- “Gut Bucket” CD,4,TRACK10- “Hold Up” CD,1,TRACK6- “Texas Shuffle”

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Session 421The Ride Cymbal

Exercise 5 Half Notes on Bass Drum,Ride Quarter Notes,Snare and Hi-Hat on 2 & 4

Exercise 5 Two Beat Feel Up Tempo in Cut Time

Eighth Note Ride Cymbal Exercises

Eighth note ride cymbal patterns are the foundation of Rock music.Play the following exercises using eighth notes on the ride cymbal,gradually increasing the tempo until you can play them comfortably at 85-110 bpm.

Exercise 6 Eighth Notes on the Ride Cymbal

Exercise 7 Eighth Note Ride,Quarter Notes on Bass Drum called “4 on the floor”

Learn &Master Drums

Play-Along Songs

Exercise 5 can be practiced with CD 2,TRACK10- “Baby Huey”

Key Idea: Two Beat Feel in Cut Time

The rhythm used in Exercise 5 has the bass drum and snare playing on alternate beats–the bass on 1 and the snare on 2.This combination is called a TWO BEAT and implies what is called CUT TIME or a time signature of 2/2.There are two beats to the measure and the half note gets the beat.Two beat feels are heard in many musical styles around the world.

Play-Along Songs

Exercise 5 Two Beat Feel can be practiced with CD 2,TRACK2- “When the Saints Go Marchin In”

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Session 422The Ride Cymbal

Exercise 8 Eighth Note Ride,Bass Drum Quarter Notes,Snare backbeats on 2 & 4

Exercise 9 Eighth Note Ride,Bass Drum Quarter Notes,Snare and Hi-Hat on 2 & 4

Playing the Bell of the Ride Cymbal

The next exercise involves hitting the ride cymbal on the bell of the cymbal with the shaft of the stick on the upbeats. Remember to use proper ride cymbal technique as you alternate between playing the cymbal with the tip of the stick as you normally would and playing upbeats on the bell.

Exercise 10 Eighth Note Ride with Upbeats on the Bell

Bonus Groove Quarter Note Ride adding Upbeats with foot on Hi-Hat

Learn &Master Drums

Play-Along Songs

Exercise 9 can be practiced with CD 4,TRACK10- “Hold Up”

Play-Along Songs

Exercise 10 can be practiced with CD 5,TRACK18- “Winter”

Playing Tip: Building Grooves Layer by Layer

If you're having trouble with this groove,practice the 8th note ride with the upbeats by itself for a while.Then add the bass drum and hi-hat.When comfortable,add the snare. Build the groove layer by layer,bar by bar.

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Session 423The Ride Cymbal

You're Ready to Move On When…

• You have developed a proper,rebounding stroke on the ride cymbal. • You can play all the exercises at the given metronome markings with a balanced sound.

• You can play all of the exercises heel up and heel down on the bass drum.

Going Further

Go through your music collection and listen to some of your favorite artists.Check out how the drummer uses the ride cymbal.Listen for things like: • Use of a loping feel by accenting the pulse when playing eighth notes

• Use of straight eighths in a Rock ballad

• Playing just the pulse (quarter notes) on the bell

• Playing upbeats on the bell

• Playing with the lead hand on the ride and the other hand on the hi-hat

• Riding on a crash cymbal,creating a powerful wash

Online Resources Detailed assignments for the sessions and other helpful resources are online at w.LearnAndMasterDrums.com/resources.

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SESSION 5 - Expanding on the Basics

Session 524Expanding on the Basics

Snare Alternating 16th Notes

In Session 2,you played alternating 16th notes on the hi-hat.In this session we begin to apply them to the snare drum. Playing alternating 16th notes requires the use of reciprocal sticking.RECIPROCAL STICKING is when the sticks move in contrary motion.When one stick is at its lowest point,the other is at its highest point.The 16th notes should be evenly spaced with accurate timing using the fishing rod stroke.Strike both hands at the same level of volume.In other words, one hand shouldn't be louder than the other.

Alternating 16th Note Snare Drum Exercises

Play each exercise starting at a slow tempo of 60 bpm.Start slowly and count out loud.

Exercise 1 2 bars 8ths with the right hand and 2 bars alternating 16ths with both hands

Exercise 2 Alternating 16th Notes

Learn &Master Drums Estimated Time to Learn These Concepts - 2-3 Weeks

• Snare Alternating 16th Notes • Dynamics in Music

• Accents On and Off the Beat

• Snare 16ths with Bass Drum and Hi-Hat

• Playing even,alternating 16th notes. • Playing accents on any of the 16th notes.

• Playing the hi-hat on and off the beat while playing 16th notes.

“Use the talents you possess,for the woods would be very silent if no birds sang except for the best.” ~ Henry Van Dyke,Author (1852-1933)

Playing Tip: Strong & Weak Hand Lead

It is good to have the ability to lead with both your strong and weak hand when playing.If you're right handed,your strong hand will be your right.Lefthanded players should reverse the sticking to LRLR so that you lead with your strong hand.

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Session 525Expanding on the Basics

Exercise 3 2 bars 8ths with the left hand and 2 bars alternating 16ths with left hand lead

Exercise 4 Alternating 16ths left hand lead

Dynamics in Music

DYNAMICS indicate to play music at particular volume levels.Dynamic markings are written directly below the music staff.

Accents

ACCENTS are the emphasis of certain beats over the others.An accent written directly above the note represents an increase in volume over the span of one note and is indicated by this symbol (>).Accents provide variety,excitement,and add feel to otherwise static rhythms.

Accented Alternating 16th Note Exercises

The following exercises apply accents to various parts of the beat.The accented notes should be played moderately loud and the unaccented notes should be played soft.Use the fishing rod stroke for accented notes and light taps for all others.Start at 40 bpm and gradually increase the tempo.

Exercise 5 Alternating 16th notes with accents on the beat

Exercise 6 Alternating 16th notes with accents off the beat

Learn &Master Drums

Dynamic Markings

Key Idea: Syncopation

SYNCOPATION is rhythms or notes played off the beat or played on the weak beats.

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Session 526Expanding on the Basics

Exercise 7: The “Wipe Out”Beat Alternating 16th Notes with accents on and off the beat

Bonus Exercise: The Bo Diddley Beat New Orleans Clave

16ths with Bass Drum and Hi-Hat Exercises Play the following exercises with heel up and heel down at 60 bpm.

Exercise 8 Alternating 16th Notes with BD Quarter Notes and H on 2 & 4

Exercise 9 Accented Snare 16th Notes with BD Quarter Notes and H on 2 & 4

Learn &Master Drums

Play-Along Songs

This Bonus Exercise can be practiced with CD 2,TRACK12- “Hey Wocky Pay”

Key Idea: Ostinato

OSTINATO is a repetitive rhythm over which other rhythms are played.

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Session 527Expanding on the Basics

Exercise 10 Alternating 16th Notes with BD Quarter Notes and H on Upbeats

Exercise 1 Accented Snare 16th Notes with BD Quarter Notes and H on Upbeats

Variations on the Bo Diddley Beat Here are some bonus exercises with common variations of the Bo Diddley beat.

Bonus Exercise The Bo Diddley Beat with BD Quarter Notes and H on 2 & 4

Bonus Exercise Variation 1 The Bo Diddley Beat with BD Quarter Notes and H on Upbeats

Learn &Master Drums

Play-Along Songs

These Bonus Exercises can be practiced with

CD 2,TRACK 12- “Hey Wocky Pay” CD 4,TRACK10- “Hold Up” CD 4,TRACK12- “Livin’ Single”

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Session 528Expanding on the Basics

Bonus Exercise Variation 2 The Bo Diddley Beat on H with BD Quarter Notes

Bonus Exercise Variation 3 The Bo Diddley Beat adding the Snare on the “a”of 1

Bonus Exercise Variation 4 The Bo Diddley Beat adding the Snare on the “a”of 1 & 4

You're Ready to Move On When…

• You can play all of the exercises using both the heel up and heel down bass drum techniques. • You can play each of the exercises cleanly with steady and even alternating 16th notes at around 120 bpm.

• You can play the Bo Diddley Beat and its variations along with “Hey Wocky Pay”on CD 2,Track 12.

Tips for Improving

• Stretch before practice sessions. • Work out rhythms on a practice pad first.

• Practice in 20 minute segments with frequent 5 minute breaks.

• Don't be too harsh on yourself.Keep working at it.

Online Resources Detailed assignments for the sessions and other helpful resources are online at w.LearnAndMasterDrums.com/resources.

Learn &Master Drums Legacy_Drums_LB_Master_v6 8/5/08 8:42 AM Page 28

SESSION 6 - Blues &Shuffles

Session 629Blues &Shuffles

Blues & Shuffle Basics

Much of the drumming in American music is built on the blues and shuffle rhythms covered in this session.BLUES songs typically use a 12 bar form that has an underlying feel based on an eighth note triplet pattern.A SHUFFLE has a triplet feel with the middle eighth note triplet left out.

When played at a slower tempo,this shuffle is felt in a 12/8 time signature as 4 groups of 3 eighth notes.

Blues Shuffle Beats

In the following beats the ride cymbal can be used interchangeably with the written hi-hat part.When switching to the ride cymbal the foot would play the hi-hat on beats 2 & 4.These blues shuffle beats can also be varied by using a cross-stick on the snare instead of the full snare.

Shuffle Foundation Bass Drum every beat,Snare 2 & 4,Cymbal Quarter Notes

Basic Shuffle Beat Shuffle on Ride or Hi-Hat

Learn &Master Drums Estimated Time to Learn These Concepts - 2-4 Weeks

• Blues & Shuffle Basics • Blues Shuffle Beats

• 12/8 Blues Beats

• Blues Dynamics

• Understanding the shuffle. • Playing basic shuffle beats and variations.

• Playing 12/8 blues beats and variations.

• Interpreting blues dynamics on the drums.

“The Blues are the roots; everything else is the fruits.” ~ Willie Dixon,Blues singer

Play-Along Songs

(Parte 3 de 5)

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