Disinformation - Ion Mihai Pacepa -

Disinformation - Ion Mihai Pacepa -

(Parte 1 de 6)

“Disinformation is a history of a still-hidden part of the Cold War—the part hidden as deeply as the KGB’s moles in Western intelligence services—which has to be studied to truly understand how communism sought to subvert everything in its path. Like Whittaker Chambers’ Witness, any study of the Cold War without Disinformation would be profoundly incomplete.”

—JED BABBIN, former deputy undersecretary of defense and author ofIn the Words of Our Enemies and Inside the Asylum: How the U.N. and Old Europe Are Worse Than You Think

“Challenging false histories and subtle slanders, Pacepa and Rychlak take us on a journey through the Empire of Disinformation. Here we learn the theory and practice of the Big Lie deployed against Christianity—against popes and bishops. We learn how the Kremlin, even after the collapse of Communism, continues its war against the West; we learn how dezinformatsiya is used to inspire a deep hatred of the Jews in order to mobilize Islam as a battering ram against Israel and America—to the benefit of Russia. If you want to understand the forces at work behind the decline of Christianity and the rise of militant Islam, you must read this book.” —JEFFREY NYQUIST, author Origins of the Fourth World War, columnist, and radio talk show host on WIBG (Ocean City, NJ)

“As a Jew growing up in New York, I hated even hearing Pope Pius XII’s name. But after seven years of investigating and 46,0 pages of pertinent documents collected, I came to the startling discovery that Pius XII was revered and praised as a hero by all Jews during, and just after, the war. If you want to know how 1 billion people were tricked into hating him, read this book by General Ion Mihai Pacepa and Professor Ron Rychlak about the Kremlin’s still-secret dezinformatsiya. That immense machinery accomplished the worst character assassination of the twentieth century, and caused great strain between Jews and Catholics. But let me warn you: this book is scary! When you read it, you will discover how you were maneuvered like a chess piece to achieve a specific goal. You will also learn that the dezinformatsiya enterprise is still dividing the Judeo-Christian world with deadly international consequences.”

—GARY KRUPP, chairman of Pave the Way Foundation, dedicated to reconciling relations among the world’s religions

“Written by two foremost experts, this book is an eye-opening, demystifying work of political and historical archeology, a passionate and captivating endeavor to highlight the communist techniques of cynical deception, vicious plots, and perversely skillful concoction of propaganda legends masquerading as historical evidence. The authors display impressive erudition and unique insights into the deep secrets of the Soviet and post-Soviet disinformation machine. As a former highest-level intelligence officer within the Soviet Bloc who broke with the system for moral reasons and courageously exposed its terrorist underpinnings, Ion Mihai Pacepa is a formidable witness to and a respected analyst of the communist intrigues, schemes, and manipulations.”

—VLADIMIR TISMĂNEANU, author of Stalinism for All Seasons:

A Political History of Romanian Communism, director of the University of Maryland’s Center for the Study of Post-Communist Societies, and president of Romania’s Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes

WND Books, Inc. Washington, DC

Copyright © 2013 Ion Mihai Pacepa and Ronald J. Rychlak

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means— electronic, mechanical, photocopying, scanning, or otherwise—without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a review.

Book designed by Mark Karis. Cover illustration by Michael di Pietro—inspired by photograph by David Malan.

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First Edition

Hardcover ISBN: 978-1936488605 eBook ISBN: 978-1936488988

Library of Congress information available

Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

To Mary Lou, who helped me look at my past through American eyes. —LT. GEN. ION MIHAI PACEPA

To my daughter Lindsey and all the Lindseys in my life. —PROFESSOR RONALD RYCHLAK

Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. —GEORGE SANTAYANA,The Life of Reason, vol. 1, 1905

In Russia, “duck,” aside from its normal meaning, is a term for disinformation. ‘When the ducks are flying’ means that the press is publishing disinformation.

—PAVEL SUDOPLATOV, Deputy Chief of Soviet Foreign Intelligence Special Tasks (Memoirs), 1994

For the transliteration of Russian, we have followed the guidelines of the

United States Board on Geographic Names, with the exception that iy and y have been condensed into a simple y when they occur at the end of first and last names of individuals. A few familiar deviations have been retained, such as Yuri Andropov.

Introduction by R. James Woolseyi
Foreword by Paul Kengor, PhDiv
1. Drafted into the Securitate6
2. The True Meaning of Glasnost12
3. Defecting to America2
4. The Black Art of Disinformation30
5. The “Beauty” of Disinformation35
6. Kremlin Framings4
7. Stalin’s Encounter with Catholicism49
8. The Kremlin’s New Enemy52
9. The Failed Birth of “Hitler’s Pope”59
10. Cardinal Stepinac70
1. Cardinal Mindszenty80
12. More Framings89
13. Global War on Religion93
14. The Vatican’s New Crusade103
15. Liberation Theology106
16. Khrushchev’s War on the Vatican1
17. Preparations for Framing Pius XII115
18. The Deputy120

PART I: ANATOMY OF A DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGN: THE CREATION OF “HITLER’S POPE” 19. The Play ................................................................ 127

21. KGB Fingerprints141
2. The Deputy’s Anti-Semitism152
23. The Deputy’s Ideological Roots157
24. Rolf Hochhuth163
25. A New Look at The Deputy174
26. Khrushchev’s Political Necrophagy183
27. Hitler’s Pope, The Book187
28. Andropov’s Cocaine196
29.The End of America’s Innocence207
30. Khrushchev: A Monument to Disinformation219
31. Operation “Dragon”231
32. New Hard Proof of the KGB’s Hand241
3. From Disinformation to Terrorism259
34. Putin Time267
35. From “Hitler’s Pope” to September 1, 2001276
36. The Kremlin’s Nuclear Terrorism281
37. A KGB Empire286
38. Keeping the Lie-Machine Going292
39. The Antiwar Movement297
40. Marx’s Ghost Lives On309
41. Disinformation in Today’s America313
42. From Disinformation to Assassination322
43. Marxist Personality Cults and Heavy Water332
4. How I Became a “Filthy Jew Traitor”340

PART IV: UNRAVELING TODAY’S WEB OF DECEIT Index ....................................................................... 414

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THIS REMARKABLE BOOK will change the way you look at intelligence, foreign affairs, the press, and much else besides. Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa is the highest-ranking defector we have ever had from a hostile intelligence service. As chief of Romanian intelligence he was for many years in the key meetings with heads of state and a participant in some of the most sensitive discussions by our enemies during the Cold War.

For starters, General Pacepa tells us that intelligence collection is rather far down the list of what Romanian, and other Soviet Bloc, intelligence services were doing all those years. Intelligence collection, he says, “has always been more or less irrelevant.” I might add that whether you agree or not that this is accurate for the period of the Cold War, much intelligence collection is done today by hackers sitting at keyboards, not by case officers fine-tuning the location of dead drops.

So what were Romanian and Soviet spies spending their time on in the

Cold War years? General Pacepa would say “framing,” i.e. rewriting history and manipulating records, documents, etc., to bring that about. To what end thisdezinformatsiya? Oh, little matters like using press leaks to destroy the reputation of a national or religious leader, engendering the spread of anti- Semitism, building up resentment against the United States or Israel in the Arab world. Soviet leader and long-time KGB head Yuri Andropov, apparently a real aficionado of dezinformatsiya, put it this way: “[Dezinformatsiya is] like cocaine. If you sniff once or twice, it may not change your life. If you use it every day though, it will make you an addict—a different man.”

So, one might say, it’s understandable during the Cold War, but why now? And why are many governments in the Mideast essentially doing the same thing, such as spreading the crazy stories about 9/1—that it was the CIA, or the Mossad? I would imagine it’s fairly straightforward: dictators need enemies to help them have more reason to suppress their people. And we’re very convenient.

Another major understanding emerges from these pages. The communists had something between no ideology and a dysfunctional one. We have one that almost all Americans would sign on to: democracy, the rule of law, and America as, in Lincoln’s words, the “last, best hope of earth.” For most of us we also have our religion, generally Christianity or Judaism. This brought out for the Soviet Bloc, and brings out for our current enemies, a carefully targeted attack, or framing, to destroy religion: to spread anti-Semitism, to smear the reputations of a pope and other church leaders as anti-Semites when they actually worked hard to protect Jews during the Nazi era.

General Pacepa also shows how one can undo even very carefully constructeddezinformatsiya, such as the 1960s play The Deputy, trashing the reputation of Pope Pius XII by using accompanying literature, remarkable for the doctored photographs, the deceptive editing, etc.

General Pacepa has written that there were more in the Soviet Bloc working on dezinformatsiya than in the armed forces and defense industry. It was, and to some extent still is, a remarkable effort.

In spite of its perfection of the art of framing, its experience, and its motive as an intelligence dictatorship who needs us as an enemy, we may see as we move into the twenty-first century that Russia is not our major problem. Its demographics are awful (low birth rate, short life span for men) and its population could conceivably be under 100 million by the middle of the century. It lives almost wholly by selling oil and gas (and uses its leverage with gas to threaten its neighbors with cutoffs). But the substantial recent discoveries of shale gas in many countries, including the United States, Poland, and many other locations, could deal Russia a heavy blow. Its gas may not earn as much income and may be less useful as a weapon, and its oil may be replaced by much cheaper natural gas-based fuels such as methanol. None of us will feel too sorry for a shrinking group of mid-twentieth century Russians, sitting on the sidelines, desperately hoping to be noticed, with their cleverness in framing and the like increasingly irrelevant.

General Pacepa and his distinguished coauthor, Prof. Ronald Rychlak, have done something remarkable in these pages. They have not only helped us understand history and many of the current dezinformatsiya operations that we continue to see—especially from Russia and countries in the Mideast—but also have given us a good start in learning how to defeat them. In short, they open a world that many of us didn’t know existed and almost all of those of us who did know had seriously underestimated.

—R. JAMES WOOLSEY, Chairman, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, Former Director of Central Intelligence

HERE IS A WORK that many of us have been waiting for, a book that— dare I say—history has been waiting for. From start to finish, it is a gem of fascinating new information, a goldmine of badly needed, long-overdue Cold War material, a light into what truly was a world of darkness. The authors are most unique: Ron Rychlak is an expert on the much-maligned Pope Pius XII specifically and on the Catholic Church generally, particularly during the Cold War. Lt. Gen Ion Mihai Pacepa, the highest-ranking intelligence official to defect from the Soviet bloc, was, remarkably, a witness to many of the events the book describes. General Pacepa remains with us still to witness to the truth and to the litany of falsehoods—despite death sentences and a $2 million bounty set upon his head by the late Romanian despot Nicolae Ceauşescu. Thus, we have a rare confluence of a scholar of religious history and an eyewitness to the dirty deeds orchestrated by communists against the religious. Here we have literal scholarship with primary sources.

The result is a book at once breathtaking and infuriating, and at times depressing. One is tempted to say that readers will not be able to put this book down, but readers may need to do just that simply to absorb the enormity of the information and to step away from this peer into the dark side. One can only look for so long before recoiling and needing a break. The sheer level of unapologetic, unmitigated, and sustained Soviet slander against religion and religious people, methodically unraveled by General Pacepa and Professor Rychlak, really is hard to endure. Yet, endure we must, because their story must be told.

Anyone who has studied or been involved in the communist movement knows that communists had a campaign for just about everything they felt could be churned into propaganda that aided and abetted their purposes. Vladimir Lenin infamously stated that the “only morality” that his Bolsheviks recognized was that which furthered their interests. This meant that lying was fully justified, that any target was legitimate, and that it was always open season on identified targets. Combine this malice and moral relativism with what Mikhail Gorbachev called the Soviet “war on religion,” plus a network of servile communist parties around the world— all devoted to what George Kennan termed “the master’s voice” that spoke “infallibly” from the Kremlin—and you had a literal international conspiracy to demonize the most saintly of religious figures who stood in the Soviet way. The crass art of Kremlin deceit would be a vigorous tool in this sustained effort, a hellacious effort with no moral scruples. Only now, thanks to General Pacepa and Rychlak, do we have a documented account of the effort and its insidious offshoots.

A running thread throughout this book is the case of Pope Pius XII, which makes perfect sense, given that the Pius case was at the nadir of the Soviet smear campaign, starting under Stalin and Khrushchev. The authors show that the attack against Pius was launched with a 1945 Radio Moscow broadcast that first echoed the extremely unfair label “Hitler’s Pope.” The Soviets understood that Pius XII was a mortal threat to their ideology, despising communism as much as he did Nazism. They thus embarked on an unholy crusade to destroy the pope and his reputation, to scandalize his flock, and to foment division among faiths.

General Pacepa and Rychlak have blown wide open the smear campaign against Pius XII. No one who reads this book will come away believing that Pius XII had ever favored Hitler or Nazism. And anyone who renders an opinion on the Pius controversy now must go through this book. In fact, anyone who does not cannot have his or her opinion taken seriously. With this book, the opening question posed to anyone with a negative perception of Pius as “Hitler’s Pope” must now be, “Have you read the book by Pacepa and Rychlak?”

As this book crucially shows, the vicious myths created by communists to discredit Pius have, quite tragically, been unwittingly adopted by many mainstream historians and journalists. The myth, which was initially quickly rejected by a contemporary generation that lived through the real history and instantly knew better, picked up momentum among the next generations that did not live the history and did not know better. It has snowballed and has been allowed to soil the reputation of a good man who loved, helped, and even personally housed Jewish people during the Holocaust. The KGB and its accomplices perpetuated a poisonous image at complete odds with that reality. The image remains with us now. It is heartbreaking to see the rift that communists have caused between Catholics who rightly admire Pius—and even seek to canonize him—and their Jewish friends. The communists did this, and have been getting away with it—or at least until this book.

(Parte 1 de 6)