(Parte 1 de 6)

2 SPECIAL THANKS TO

Roxanne Meadows Bob Schilling Steve Doll

All DesignsJacque Fresco
ModelsJacque Fresco & Roxanne Meadows
DrawingsJacque Fresco & Roxanne Meadows
PhotographyJacque Fresco & Roxanne Meadows
Animation IllustrationsDoug Drexler

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without permission in writing from The Venus Project, Inc. except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a review. All rights reserved

The copyrights of all text and pictures in this book and the designs and illustrations in the FUTURE BY DESIGN DVD double set are held by Jacque Fresco and Roxanne Meadows unless stated otherwise.

The Venus Project, Inc 21 Valley Lane Venus, FL 33960 USA

Phone: 863-465-0321 Fax: 863-465-1928 w.TheVenusProject.com fresco@TheVenusProject.com meadows@TheVenusProject.com

© copyright 2007 Jacque Fresco & Roxanne Meadows

4Introduction

TABLE OF CONTENTS A Future by Design

6Your Challenge
8Chapter One

From Yesterday to Tomorrow

All Things Change
15 Chapter Three

13 Chapter Two Using the Scientific Method

18 Chapter Four
Existing Myths
2 Chapter Five

From One System to Another

24 Chapter Six
Future by Design23
29 Chapter Seven
Cities That Think
53 Chapter Eight
Fear of Machines
5 Chapter Nine
Cities in the Sea
69 Chapter Ten

Decision Making and Laws

74 Chapter Eleven
Lifestyles

Conclusion

4 INTRODUCTION

A Future by Design

Are you prepared to design the future?

Although many of us feel we can prepare for our future by thinking, acting, and learning using present methods and values, nothing is farther from the truth – especially in today’s rapidly changing world. A newborn child enters a world not of his or her own making. Each succeeding generation inherits the values, accomplishments, hopes, successes, and failings of previous generations. And they inherit the results of the decisions made by those generations.

not scientific

For the hundreds of thousands of years of human existence when technologies were simple or non-existent, this may have had little impact on human life and the earth that sustains it. Each generation of hunters and gatherers, then plowmen and pioneers, passed on tools to the next generation to help them survive. Change from one generation to the next was slow and hardly noticeable. In those days there was little understanding of science and how things worked, and explanations were

This is no longer the case in today’s high-tech world where a change that affects millions may happen in a matter of seconds. A child born today inherits a world vastly different from that of its parent’s generation, let alone that from centuries ago. Previous generations left a legacy of, exploitation, occupation, and irrelevant values that present great challenges, but also opportunities to the people of today.

The application of scientific principles, for better or worse, accounts for every single advance that has improved people’s lives. Important documents and proclamations have been issued granting rights and privileges to members of societies, but at the heart of human progress – or destruction – is the rock-solid foundation of science.

For generations past it was impossible to direct the future much beyond the present moment, and forecasts of the future were based on nonscientific methods. Prophets and sages presented visions of the future based on dreams, hallucinations, religious fervor, divination of animal

supernatural

parts, crystal balls, etc. Some may even have been accurate, but this was more because of luck than because of any direct channel to the

Now satellites circle the globe beaming down information in fractions of a second about everything that impacts our lives. This information is very valuable for projecting weather patterns, high and low points, geological hot and cold spots, where people live, and the warming of the planet. This has given us, for the first time, the ability to monitor the health of the planet, which many scientists see as in serious, if not critical, condition.

In a single day, trillions of bits of scientific data zip through cyberspace at light-speed, making a high-tech civilization possible. While physical science and technology silently direct much of the action, millions of people around the globe still practice pseudo-science, using fortunetellers, seers, and philosophers for their daily direction. Many world leaders regularly consult psychics, mediums, and astrologers for guidance in decisions that determine the fate of millions.

Present human activity and its consequences does not have to be shaped by the needs and values of our ancestors. In fact, it must not be. For instance, armed conflict between nations is still seen by many as the only way to settle differences. It is especially promoted by those who profit handsomely from the sale of armaments. This is now totally unacceptable and dangerous because of war’s extreme human and environmental costs.

A militant viewpoint is obsolete once we view the world as a whole interrelated system with all its people as one family. Managing accelerating changes in technology and managing ourselves require new outlooks and approaches. This is now both necessary and possible because of technological change.

These lessons are designed to challenge the reader to direct the future; not just one’s own, but that of society in general; and not just for one’s own generation, but for those to follow. Not only is science making it possible, it is now vital.

6 YOUR CHALLENGE

The future does not just happen. Except for natural events like earthquakes, it comes about through the efforts of people and is determined largely by how well informed people are. You can play a role in the shaping of tomorrow’s world by asking yourself questions like, “What kind of world do I want to live in?” and “What does democracy mean to me?” There are many other options of organization for the future than those typically discussed today.

Here is a scenario for you to consider: Suppose you were called upon to redesign planetary civilization without any limitations based on how things are done today. The goal is to help rid the world of war, poverty, hunger, and environmental degradation, and to create the best world for all inhabitants, given the resources at hand, for the longest period of time.

Remember, you are free to rearrange society in any way you think will work. The only limitation is that your social design must factor in the carrying capacity of the planet, which means the resources have to be sufficient to support life on the planet.

You can rearrange the entire civilization to make what you consider the best of all possible worlds, bearing in mind that any unmet need for any segment of the population reduces the standard of living for all. This may include not only environmental protection, but also city design, transportation, interpersonal relationships and the restructuring of education, if you feel it is necessary.

The options are limitless. Would you have separate nations? Would you have an international advisory board? How would you manage and distribute the resources of the world to accommodate the needs of all? Would you use the scientific method to make decisions, or rely on politics or mysticism? How would you handle differences in religious beliefs? You may even consider another system of distribution that doesn’t use money as a medium of exchange.

On a personal basis, would you seek a position of advantage over others? Would you claim a bigger house, a more luxurious car, or high-definition TV? On what basis would you say you deserve these things? Or that others don’t deserve them? Your skill level? Your investment of time and/or money?

Remember, if you force any predetermined set of values on other nations, or others in your own nation or neighborhood for that matter, you will generate bad feelings. How would you prevent political corruption? Would you declare universal laws and treaties? Would you use military and police methods for enforcement? Would you declare all resources the common heritage of all nations?

In order to accomplish this task one must be free of bias and nationalism, and reflect those qualities in the design of policies. How would you approach that? This is a difficult project requiring input from many disciplines.

These are some of the problems we must consider when thinking about such a task. It can be a fresh approach, unburdened by past or traditional considerations, religious or otherwise, but always keeping in mind for whom this society is to be designed. Feel free to transcend present realities and reach out for new and creative ideas.

Chapter One From Yesterday to Tomorrow

A little background before considering this challenge:

The lives of most men and women are blighted by problems they cannot solve. Many events in our lives are the result of things beyond our control. While it is comforting to think, “I’m in charge,” in truth most changes effected by individuals are very limited in scope. People usually blame themselves or “fate.” However, when two cars collide at an intersection, should we blame the individual drivers, “fate,” or the way transportation is engineered so that it permits collisions in the first place? Are we, as an individual, in charge if the automobile colliding with us is the product of poor design?

In 2005 there were 43,200 thousand deaths in the US from car accidents, plus hundreds of thousands of injuries. But consider another way we get people from one place to another – the elevator. How many people have been killed in collisions between elevators? These devices carry millions of people every day without a single mishap because of their intelligent design. How might highway transportation be similarly arranged?

If you believe that transportation should be designed so that it is almost impossible for anyone to be killed or injured in a collision, these lessons are for you. If you believe that scientific investigation can find out how to restructure society to give each individual a greater opportunity for selfrealization and fulfillment, then you will probably appreciate these ideas.

To get the most out of these ideas you will have to blend openmindedness with skepticism. It is hard enough to face the problems of our own time; it is even more difficult to understand the fantastic and shocking changes that may occur in the future.

Suppose an intelligent man in New York a hundred years ago sat down one evening with a book predicting life a century later. He would refuse to believe that almost everyone in 2006 would be able to operate a horseless carriage that could zip about at 60 miles per hour or more. He may have thought the designers had gone too far.

He would smile smugly at the ridiculous prediction of man-made flying machines traveling faster than the speed of sound. The thought of sending pictures and sounds throughout the world instantly would have sounded impossible to such a person a hundred years ago. It would have seemed incredible to him that war would develop to the point where one small bomb, directed in real time from half way around the world, could destroy an entire city with pin-point accuracy. Our early 20th century gentleman would have been alarmed that part of his wages could be withheld to provide for retirement.

At this point let us leave our gentleman muttering to himself about the world moving too fast and a future that has gone too far.

Are we any more flexible or farsighted today? In order to design a future of positive change, we must first become expert at changing our minds. The differences between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries will probably be small compared to the changes that will take place in the rest of our own century.

Students will understand these ideas best if they can see today as a stepping-stone between yesterday and tomorrow. They will also need sensitivity to the injustices, lost opportunities for happiness, and deadly conflicts that characterize our twenty-first century civilization.

We have no crystal ball for the rest of the twenty-first century. We want you to feed these ideas into your own mental computer and experience. You may find even better ideas that can play a part in molding the future of our civilization. In the rest of these pages, we’l explore unfamiliar, alarming, exciting, and attainable possibilities for the design of the future.

A Crisis That Needs to be Addressed

One would think that with our technology we could eliminate most social ills. Couldn’t modern technology supply enough food, clothing, shelter, and material goods for all if used intelligently? What is stopping us from achieving this? Technology is racing forward but our societies are still based on concepts and methods devised centuries ago. We still have a society based on scarcity and the use of money. We still have thinking patterns based on old structures used in western Asia several thousand years ago. We are trying to adjust to the rapid advances in technology with obsolete values that no longer work in today’s world.

Because of tremendous advantages given corporations by lawmakers who owe them their positions, monopolies are gaining more control. The comforting assumption that “I can make a difference” is farther and farther from reality. Fewer corporations own more and more companies. Many of the same people sit on the boards of various major corporations besides their own. The corporations that own car and aircraft companies may also own food, radio, TV stations, magazines, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, and armament companies. Ten major lending institutions control virtually all the credit cards in the U.S. The wealth and influence of these corporate elite can not be equaled or countered by the workers who enabled them to acquire such wealth. With media companies today owned and sponsored by large corporations, it is difficult to know whether the news can be trusted.

According to many polls, a majority of scientists think that the human race is on a “collision course” with nature, that all of Earth’s ecosystems are suffering, and that the ability of the planet to sustain life is in serious jeopardy. (1) There is a threat of rapid global climate change that will certainly have profound consequences. The pollution of rivers, land, and the air we breathe threatens our health. We are destroying nonrenewable resources like topsoil and the ozone layer instead of using these resources intelligently.

We face common threats that transcend national boundaries: overpopulation, energy shortages, water scarcity, economic catastrophe, the spread of uncontrollable diseases, and the technological displacement of people by machines, to name a few. Eight hundred and fifty two million people across the world are hungry. Every day, more than 16,0 children die from hunger-related causes- one child every five seconds. (1) World wide more than 1 billion people currently live below the international poverty line, earning less than $1 per day. (2) A very small percent of the people own most of the world’s wealth and resources. The gap between the rich and poor is widening. In the US as of 2002, the average CEO made 282 times as much as the average worker. (3) In 2005 the compensation of CEOs of major U.S. corporations rose 12% to an average of $9.8 million per year. Oil company CEOs did even better with raises that averaged a whopping 109% to $16.6 million per year. Meanwhile, workers’ salaries barely kept up with inflation in most industries and occupations across the U.S. In Oregon, minimum wage workers saw their pay rise by a modest 2.8% to $15,080 per year.

(Parte 1 de 6)

Comentários