Os minerais minérios em microscópio - Guia optico

Os minerais minérios em microscópio - Guia optico

(Parte 1 de 3)

ATLASES IN GEOSCIENCE, 3

The Ore Minerals Under the Microscope An Optical Guide

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ATLASES IN GEOSCIENCE, 3

The Ore Minerals Under the Microscope An Optical Guide

Edited by Bernhard Pracejus

Amsterdam – Boston – Heidelberg – London – New York – Oxford – Paris San Diego – San Francisco – Singapore – Sydney – Tokyo

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ISBN: 978-0-4-52863-6 ISSN: 1574-1966

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Mineral Strunz-Group Page

I - Elements

I/A - Metallic and Intermetallic Compounds, Carbides, Nitrides, Phosphides and Silicides

Copper Silver Gold

I/A.01-10 4

I/A.01-20I/A.01-40 6 8

Auricupride Amalgam Aluminium Cadmium Lead Iron Kamacite Taenite

I/A.01-50I/A.02-30 10 12

I/A.03-05I/A.04-40 14 16

I/A.05-20I/A.07-10 18 20

I/A.07-20I/A.08-20 2 24

Awaruite Cohenite Carlsbergite Sinoite Schreibersite Gupeiite Xifengite Fersilicite

I/A.08-40I/A.09-50 26 28

I/A.10-20I/A.10-50 30 32

I/A.12-40I/A.12-50 38 40

Hexaferrum Osmium Ruthenium Rutheniridosmine Iridium Platinum Hongshiite Isoferroplatinum

I/A.13-15I/A.13-20 42 4

I/A.13-30I/A.13-40 46 48

I/A.14-30I/A.14-70 50 52

I/A.14-90I/A.15-10 54 56

Tulameenite Atokite Niggliite Stannopalladinite Palarstanide Plumbopalladinite Paolovite Cabriite

I/A.15-30I/A.16-20 58 60

I/A.16-40I/A.16-50 62 64

I/A.16-60I/A.16-70 6 68

I/A.17-10I/A.17-20 70 72

Taimyrite

I/B - Semimetals and Nonmetals

Arsenic Antimony Bismuth Arsenolamprite

I/A.17-30 74

I/B.01-10 76

I/B.01-30I/B.01-40 78 80

I/B.01-50 82

Table of Contents Page

Acknowledgements & Sample Sources Instrument Settings Preface

Mineral Descriptions

Explanations & Abbreviations1 3

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

Graphite I/B.02-10 84 Sulfur Selenium Tellurium

I - Sulfides and Sulphosalts

I/A - Alloys and Alloy-like Compounds, with Copper, Silver, Gold and Nickel

Algodonite Domeykite

I/B.03-10I/B.03-30 86 8

I/B.03-40 90

I/A.01-10I/A.01-20 92 94

Dyscrasite Maucherite Arsenopalladinite Isomertieite Stibiopalladinite Palladodymite Rhodarsenide Telargpalite

I/A.02-20I/A.04-30 96 98

I/A.05-40I/A.05-50 100 102

I/A.05-80I/A.05-102 104 106

Oulankaite Temagamite

I/B - Sulfides with Metal : Sulfur, Selenium and Tellurium > 1:1

Chalcocite Djurleite Digenite Anilite

I/B.01-30I/B.01-50 120 122

Betekhtinite Bornite Berzelianite Crookesite Umangite Weissite Rickardite Argentite

I/B.02-10I/B.02-30 124 126

I/B.03-10I/B.03-30 128 130

I/B.03-50I/B.04-10 132 134

I/B.04-20I/B.05-02 136 138

Acanthite Naumannite Hessite Jalpaite Stromeyerite Eucairite Fischesserite Petzite

I/B.05-10I/B.05-30 140 142

I/B.05-40I/B.06-10 144 146

I/B.06-30I/B.06-40 148 150

I/B.07-50I/B.07-60 152 154

Argyrodite Canfieldite Shandite Parkerite Heazlewoodite Oregonite Hauchecornite Pentlandite

I/B.08-10I/B.08-20 156 158

I/B.12-20I/B.12-30 160 162

I/B.12-40I/B.12-50 164 166

I/B.15-20I/B.16-10 168 170

Miassite Mackinawite Godlevskite

I/B.16-80I/B.17-10 172 174

I/B.17-20 176

Mineral Strunz-Group Page I/C - Sulfides with Metal : Sulfur, Selenium and Tellurium = 1:1

SphaleriteMetacinnabar I/C.01-10I/C.01-30 178 180

Stilleite Tiemannite Coloradoite Lautite Chalcopyrite Eskebornite Lenaite Gallite

I/C.01-40I/C.01-50 182 184

I/C.01-60I/C.02-10 186 188

I/C.03-10I/C.03-20 190 192

I/C.03-25I/C.03-30 194 196

Roquesite Isocubanite Orickite Luzonite Famatinite Permingeatite Briartite Stannite

I/C.03-40I/C.04-50 198 200

I/C.04-60I/C.06-10 202 204

I/C.06-20I/C.06-30 206 208

I/C.06-40I/C.06-60 210 212

Kesterite Sakuraiite Stannoidite Mawsonite Renierite Germanite Colusite Sulvanite

I/C.06-80I/C.06-130 214 216

I/C.07-10I/C.08-20 218 220

I/C.10-10I/C.10-20 2 224

I/C.10-40I/C.10-60 226 228

Tennantite Tetrahedrite Schwazite Freibergite Goldfieldite Wurtzite Greenockite Enargite

I/C.1-10

I/C.1-40

I/C.13-30I/C.14-10 242 244

Cubanite Sternbergite Argentopyrite Niningerite Oldhamite Alabandite Galena Clausthalite

I/C.14-20I/C.14-30 246 248

I/C.14-40I/C.15-10 250 252

I/C.15-20I/C.15-30 254 256

I/C.15-40I/C.15-50 258 260

Altaite Miargyrite Aramayoite Matildite Herzenbergite Stistaite Teallite Franckeite

I/C.15-60I/C.16-10 262 264

I/C.16-20I/C.16-30 266 268

I/C.17-10I/C.17-20 270 272

I/C.17-40I/C.17-70 274 276

Cylindrite Cinnabar Troilite

I/C.17-80I/C.18-10 278 280

I/C.19-10 282

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

Pyrrhotite Smythite Nickeline Breithauptite Freboldite

I/C.19-20 284

I/C.19-50I/C.20-20 286 288

I/C.20-30I/C.20-40 290 292

Polarite Sobolevskite Cherepanovite Millerite Covellite Klockmannite Idaite Valleriite

I/C.20-100

I/C.20-130I/C.21-30 298 300

I/C.2-10I/C.2-20 302 304

I/C.2-30I/C.23-20 306 308

Tochilinite Vyalsovite Vulcanite Braggite Cooperite

I/D - Sulfides with Metal : Sulfur, Selenium and Tellurium < 1:1, Tellurides with Copper, Silver and Gold Linnaeite

I/C.23-40I/C.23-50 310 312

I/C.24-10I/C.25-20 314 316

I/C.25-30 318

I/D.01-20 320

Polydymite Carrollite Violarite Siegenite Indite Daubreelite Bornhardtite Tyrrellite

I/D.01-30I/D.01-40 322 324

I/D.01-70I/D.01-80 326 328

I/D.01-90I/D.01-100 330 332

I/D.01-120I/D.01-140 334 336

Cuprorhodsite Cuproiridsite Malanite Kashinite Bowieite Edgarite Stibnite Bismuthinite

I/D.02-20I/D.02-30 338 340

I/D.02-40I/D.06-10 342 344

I/D.06-20I/D.07-20 346 348

I/D.08-20I/D.08-40 350 352

Guanajuatite Ottemannite Tellurantimony Tellurobismuthite Paraguanajuatite Tetradymite Joséite Pilsenite

I/D.08-50I/D.08-60 354 356

I/D.09-10I/D.09-20 358 360

I/D.09-30I/D.09-60 362 364

I/D.1-30

Montbrayite Nagyagite Sylvanite Krennerite Calaverite Villamaninite Pyrite Cattierite

I/D.15-10I/D.15-20 370 372

I/D.16-20I/D.16-30 374 376

I/D.16-40I/D.17-20 378 380

I/D.17-30I/D.17-40 382 384

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

Vaesite Hauerite

Laurite Erlichmanite Sperrylite Aurostibite Geversite

I/D.17-50I/D.17-60 386 388

I/D.17-90I/D.17-100 390 392

I/D.17-130I/D.17-140 398 400

Insizwaite Padmaite Cobaltite Gersdorffite Ullmannite Hollingworthite Irarsite Marcasite

I/D.17-150I/D.17-175 402 404

I/D.18-10I/D.18-20 406 408

I/D.18-40I/D.18-50 410 412

I/D.18-60I/D.20-10 414 416

Ferroselite Hastite Frohbergite Mattagamite Froodite Arsenopyrite Glaucodot Gudmundite

I/D.20-20I/D.20-30 418 420

I/D.20-50I/D.20-60 422 424

I/D.21-10I/D.2-10 426 428

I/D.2-20I/D.2-30 430 432

Löllingite Safflorite Rammelsbergite Pararammelsbergite Molybdenite Jordisite Tungstenite Berndtite

I/D.23-10I/D.23-20 434 436

I/D.23-30I/D.24-20 438 440

I/D.25-10I/D.25-20 442 4

I/D.25-40I/D.28-10 446 448

Melonite Moncheite Skutterudite Nickel-skutterudite

I/E - Sulfosalts (S : As,Sb,Bi = x), Sulfosalts with Predominant Iron and Copper x = 2.0

Berthierite Wittichenite

I/D.28-30I/D.28-50 450 452

I/D.29-10I/D.29-20 454 456

I/E.01-10I/E.03-20 458 460

Chalcostibite Emplectite Polybasite Stephanite Proustite Pyrargyrite Xanthoconite Samsonite

I/E.04-10I/E.04-20 462 464

I/E.05-50I/E.06-10 466 468

I/E.07-10I/E.07-20 470 472

I/E.07-30I/E.07-50 474 476

Hutchinsonite Lorandite Jordanite Geocronite Gratonite Meneghinite

I/E.13-45I/E.13-50 478 480

I/E.15-10I/E.15-20 482 484

I/E.15-30I/E.15-40 486 488

Penroseit

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

SeligmanniteBournonite I/E.16-10I/E.16-20 490 492

Freieslebenite Diaphorite Owyheeite Dufrenoysite Falkmanite Boulangerite Semseyite Heteromorphite

I/E.17-20I/E.17-30 494 496

I/E.17-50I/E.18-10 498 500

I/E.19-10I/E.19-30 502 504

I/E.21-20I/E.21-30 506 508

Plagionite Jamesonite Ramdohrite Andorite Baumhauerite Rathite Sartorite Zinckenite

I/E.21-40I/E.2-10 510 512

I/E.23-30I/E.23-40 514 516

I/E.24-10I/E.25-20 518 520

I/E.25-30I/E.26-10 522 524

Aikinite Emilite Lindströmite Krupkaite Paarite Lillianite Kobellite Cosalite

I/E.30-10I/E.30-25 526 528

I/E.30-40I/E.30-50 530 532

I/E.30-54I/E.31-20 534 536

I/E.3-20I/E.34-10 538 540

Weibullite Cannizzarite Felbertalite Galenobismuthite

I/F - Sulfides with Nonmetallic Properties, Arsenic-Sulfides

Patronite Realgar

I/E.34-30I/E.34-60 542 544

I/E.34-85

I/F.01-10

Orpiment Djerfisherite Rasvumite Bartonite Schöllhornite Cronusite Erdite Kermesite

I/F.02-70

I/F.07-10

I/F.08-20

I/F.09-10

I/X-Unclassified Strunz Sulfides and sulphosalts Bravoite

I - Halogenides

I/A - Simple Halogenides, without Water Metal : Halogen = 1 : 1

Chlorargyrite Iodargyrite

I/X.0-0 570

I/A.02-50I/A.03-10 572 574

CalomelFluorite I/A.05-10I/A.08-10 576 578

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

IV - Oxides

I/D-Oxi-halogenides with Mg-Mn-Cu-Zn-Sn Atacamite I/D.01-30 580

IV/A - Oxides with Metal : Oxygen = 1:1 and 2:1 (M2O, MO) Cuprite

Zincite Wüstite Manganosite Tenorite Paramelaconite Delafossite

IV/A.02-10 582

IV/A.03-20IV/A.04-20 584 586

IV/A.04-40IV/A.05-10 588 590

IV/A.05-20IV/A.05-30 592 594

Crednerite Litharge Massicot

IV/B - Oxides with Metal : Oxygen = 3:4 (Spinel type M3O4 and related), Aluminat-Spinels Hercynite

Galaxite Gahnite

IV/A.05-50IV/A.06-20 596 598

IV/A.06-30 600

IV/B.01-20 602

IV/B.01-30IV/B.01-40 604 606

Magnetite Jacobsite Franklinite Chromite Ulvite Hausmannite Hetaerolite Hydrohetaerolite

IV/B.02-20IV/B.02-30 608 610

IV/B.02-60IV/B.03-20 612 614

IV/B.04-40IV/B.05-10 616 618

Marokite Minium

IV/C - Oxides with Metal : Oxygen = 2:3 (M2O3 and related compounds) Valentinite

Bismite Bixbyite Corundum

IV/B.05-60IV/B.06-50 624 626

IV/C.01-20IV/C.02-30 628 630

IV/C.03-10IV/C.04-10 632 634

Hematite Eskolaite Karelianite Geikielite Ilmenite Pyrophanite Maghemite Högbomite

IV/C.04-20IV/C.04-30 636 638

IV/C.04-40IV/C.05-10 640 642

IV/C.05-20IV/C.05-30 644 646

IV/C.06-10IV/C.07-10 648 650

Magnetoplumbite Plumboferrite Loveringite Davidite-(Ce, La, Y) Perovskite Macedonite Stibiconite Bindheimite

IV/C.08-40IV/C.08-50 652 654

IV/C.09-30IV/C.09-70 656 658

IV/C.10-20IV/C.10-80 660 662

IV/C.1-50

PyrochloreArmalcolite IV/C.17-10IV/C.24-10 668 670

IV/B.05-50

Mineral Strunz-Group Page Pseudobrookite

IV/D - Oxides with Metal : Oxygen = 1:2 (MO2 and related compounds) Quartz

Silica, amorphous Rutile

IV/C.24-20 672

IV/D.01-10 674

IV/D.01-80IV/D.02-10 676 678

Pyrolusite Polianite Cassiterite Plattnerite Ilmenorutile Tapiolite Cryptomelane Hollandite

IV/D.02-20IV/D.02-20 680 682

IV/D.02-40IV/D.02-60 684 686

IV/D.03-10IV/D.04-0 688 690

IV/D.08-20IV/D.08-60 692 694

Coronadite Todorokite Woodruffite Romanéchite Ramsdellite Nsutite Anatase Wolframite

IV/D.08-70IV/D.09-10 696 698

IV/D.09-20IV/D.09-30 700 702

IV/D.10-10IV/D.10-20 704 706

IV/D.14-10IV/D.16-0 708 710

Hübnerite Ferberite Ferrocolumbite Ferrotantalite Brannerite Foordite Thoreaulite Baddeleyite

IV/D.16-10IV/D.16-20 712 714

IV/D.18-30IV/D.18-50 716 718

IV/D.2-20IV/D.29-10 720 722

IV/D.29-20IV/D.31-10 724 726

Uraninite Thucholite

IV/F - Hydroxides and Oxidic Hydrates, Water-bearing Oxides with Layered Structure Pyrochroite

IV/E.03-10 732

Goethite Lepidocrocite Manganite Groutite Feitknechtite Lithiophorite Heterogenite Guyanaite

IV/F.06-30

IV/F.06-70

IV/F.06-90

IV/F.07-30/40

Chalcophanite Birnessite Quenselite Söhngeite Dzhalindite

IV/G - Vanadiumoxides (with V4+/5+), Group-vanadates Melanovanadite

IV/F.14-10

IV/G.10-10 762 XII

IV/D.31-60

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

V - Nitrates, Carbonates and Borates

IV/K - Sulfides, Selenides, Tellurides with [XO3]2- groups and Related Structures Chalcomenite

V/B - Waterfree Carbonates [CO3]2- without unfamiliar anions Calcite

Siderite Rhodochrosite

IV/K.06-10 764

V/B.02-20 766

V/B.02-40V/B.02-50 768 770

Cerussite

V/C - Waterfree Carbonates with Unfamiliar Anions

Azurite Malachite Defernite

V/B.04-40 772

V/C.01-10 774

V/C.01-20V/C.06-30 776 778

Jimboite Hulsite Ludwigite Vonsenite

VI - Sulfates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates Gaudefroyite

VI/A - Waterfree Sulfates [SO4]2- without Unfamiliar Anions. Cations of Medium Size

V/G.01-20V/G.03-40 780 782

V/G.04-10V/G.04-20 784 786

V/G.04-100 788

Anhydrite Barite Anglesite

VI/B - Waterfree Sulfates [SO4]2- with Unfamiliar Anions. Cations of Medium Size Jarosite

VI/C - Water-bearing Sulfates without Unfamiliar Anions. Cations of Medium Size

VI/A.08-50VI/A.09-20 790 792

VI/A.09-50 794

Gypsum

VI/F - Chromates [CrO4]2- Crocoite

Vauquelinite

VI/C.2-20 798

VI/G.01-20 804

VII - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates Wulfenite

VII/A - Waterfree Phosphates [PO4]3- without Unfamiliar Anions, Cations of Small Size: Li, Be, Al

Monazite

VII/B - Waterfree Phosphates with Unfamiliar Anions F, Cl, O, OH, Cations of Very Small Size: Li, Be Libethenite

VI/G.01-30 806

VII/A.15-20 808

VII/B.06-10 810

Duftite Descloizite Pyromorphite

VII/B.26-80VII/B.27-20 812 814

VII/B.39-150 816

Mineral Strunz-Group Page

Mimetite Vanadinite Sahlinite

VII/C - Water-bearing Phosphates without Unfamiliar Anions. Cations of Medium and Small Size: Be and Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mg

VII/B.39-160 818

VII/B.39-170VII/B.40-30 820 822

VIII - Silicates

Erythrine Annabergite

VIII/A - Nesosilicates, with [SiO4]4- groups, Cations of Tetrahedric Orientation [4] Willemite

Olivine Almandine

VII/C.13-70VII/C.13-80 824 826

Henritermierite Coffinite

VIII/B - Nesosubsilicates, with Anions Unfamiliar to Tetraheders, Cations of Octahedral and Tetrahedral Orientation [4/6]

Topaz Braunite Neltnerite Titanite

VIII/A.08-160VIII/A.09-40 834 836

VIII/B.02-70VIII/B.09-03 838 840

VIII/B.09-07VIII/B.12-10 842 844

VIII/C - Sorosilicates, with [Si2O7]6-, without Anions Unfamiliar to Tetraheders Ilvaite

Kentrolite

VIII/C.10-20VIII/C.20-20 846 848

VIII/E.21-20 850

Riebeckite Bustamite Rhodonite

VIII/H - Phyllosilicates (Layered), Tetragonal or Pseudotetragonal Layered Structures

VIII/H.10-70 860

Biotite Chamosite

Bibliography / Print Media Bibliography / Electronic Media

Page

VIII/A.08-20

VIII/H.1-0 Mineral Index

Acknowledgements & Sample Sources

This book would not have been written were it not for the everlasting patience of my dear wife Ramona, who tolerated my long-lasting mental absence when working behind the microscope or the connected computer and for tirelessly assisting me with data compilation. Our son André also took part in the data gathering, for which I am quite thankful. Many polished sections had not been looked after for decades and D. Lange (FU Berlin) provided much needed help in upgrading severely oxidised samples.

(Parte 1 de 3)

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