Modelling Photovoltaic Systems Using PSpice - 45271 anx

Modelling Photovoltaic Systems Using PSpice - 45271 anx

(Parte 1 de 4)

Annex 1 PSpice Files Used in Chapter 1

File name Description Section Includes

1earning.cir First RC circuit in PSpice 1.3 1 -4 Rc.lib Subcircuit for an RC circuit 1.4 Learning-subcktxir Using two RC subcircuits 1.4 rc.lib aml5g.lib AM1 .5G subcircuit 1.6 aml5g.cir Circuit equivalent to the AM1 .5G 1.6 am15g.lib 1.3 spectrum

in microns wavelength.lib Subcircuit with the wavelength 1.7 am0.lib AM0 subcircuit 1.7 am0.cir 1.7 AmO.lib 1.9 black-body.lib Subcircuit with a black body spectrum 1.7 black-body.cir PV module conversion to arbitrary 1.8 black-body.lib 1.9 values of irradiance and temperature

* NODES * (0) GROUND

* (1) INPUT

* (2) OUTPUT

*COMPONENTS *RESISTORSYNTAX: rxxnode-anode-bvalue rl121K;resistorbetweennode (1) andnode (2) valuelKOhm

274 PSPICE F/ES USED IN CHAPTER I

* CAPACITORSYNTAX : cxxnode-anode-bvalue cl 2 0 In; capacitor btweennode (2) and node (0) value 1nF

* SYNTAX FORAPULSE VOLTAGE SOURCE: * vxxnode+node-pulse ( initial-valuepulse-valuedelayrisetime

* falltime pulse-length, period) v110pulse (050lulu10u20u)

* SYNTAXFORTRANSIENTANALYSIS: .trantsteptstoptstarttmax * tstep: printing increment

* tstop: final simulation time

* tstart: (optional) start of printingtime

*tmax:( optional) maximumstepsizeoftheinternaltimestep

.tran 0 4011

*OUTPUT .probe; startsthepostprocessingofthe data .plot tranv(1) ~(2); plots the transients .end; ends the file

* AM15G. LIB *

*AM1.5G37°tiltangle, globalspectralirradiance * (modifiedtrapezoidalintegration)

*Totalirradiance962.5W/rn2

*fromHulstrom,R.,Bird,R.,Riordan,C., Solar Cells,vol.l5,p. 365-391, (1985)

* NODES * (1) spectralirradiancein (W/mZmicron)

* (12) reference

.subcktaml5glllO v-aml5g 1 10 pwl +

0 9.2 103.9 237.9 376 423 466.2 501.4 642.1 686.7 694.6 976.4 1116.2 1141.1 1033 1254.8 1470.7 1541.6 1523.7

PSPICE FILES USED IN CUAP?ER 1 275

1483.4 1492.6 1529 1431

1515.4 1494.5

1504.9 1447.1

1344.9 1431.5 1382.1 1368.4 1341.8

973.7 1005.4 1167.3 1150.6 1132.9 619.8 993.3 1090.1 1042.4

818.4 765.5 883.2 925.1 943.4

899.4 721.4 643.3 665.3 389 248.9

302.2 507.7

623 719.7 665.5 614.4 397.6 98.1

127.4 326.7

443.3 408.2 463.1 398.1

241.1 31.3 1.5 53.7

167.1 253.1 264.3

265 235.7 238.4

276 PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER I

+ i +

220.4 2.35.6 226.3 212.5 165.3 29.2 1.9 1.2 20.4 87.8 25.8 95.9 58.2 85.9 79.2 68.9 67.7 59.8 20.4 17.8 3.1 4.2 7.3 6.3 3.1 5.2 18.7 1.3 3.1 12.6 3.1 12.8 1.5 9.4 1.2

.ends am159

* NODES * (1) wavelength (micron) (output)

* (101 reference

.subcktwavelengthlllO

+ 0.lu 0.1

+ 0.2951.1 0.295 + 0.30511 0.305

+ 0.315~ 0.315

+ 0.325~ 0.325

+ 0.335u 0.335 + 0.345u 0.345

+ 0.355u 0.355

+ 0.365~ 0.365 0.375u 0.375

Vlambda110pwl0.0001u 0.0001

PSPKE F/LES USED IN CHAPTER I 277

+ 0.385~ + 0.395u

+ 0.405~

+ 0.415~

+ 0.425~

+ 0.435u

+ 0.445~

+ 0.455u

+ 0.465~

+ 0.475u

+ 0.485u

+ 0.495u + 0.505~

+ 0.515~

+ 0.525~

+ 0.535~ + 0.545u

+ 0.555u

+ 0.565~

+ 0.575u + 0.585u

+ 0.595u

+ 0.605~

+ 0.615~

+ 0.625~

+ 0.635~

+ 0.645~

+ 0.655~

+ 0.665~ + 0.675~

+ 0.685~ + 0.695~

+ 0.6983~

+ 0.7u + 0.71~

+ 0.72~

+ 0.7277~ + 0.73u

+ 0.74u

+ 0.75u

+ 0.7621~ + 0.77u

+ 0.78u

+ 0.79u

+ 0.8u + 0.8059~

+ 0.825~

+ 0.83u

+ 0.835u

+ 0.8465~

+ 0.86~

+ 0.87u

+ 0.875u

+ 0.8875u

+ 0.9u + 0.9075~

+ 0.915~

+ 0.925~

+ 0.93u

+ 0.94u + 0.95u

+ 0.955u

0.395 0.405 0.415 0.425

0.435 0.445

0.455 0.465 0.475 0.485 0.495

0.505 0.515

0.535 0.545

0.565 0.575

0.585 0.595 0.605 0.615 0.625

0.635 0.645

0.655 0.665 0.675 0.685

0,695 0.6983

0.7 0.71

0.72 0.7277

0.73 0.74

0.7621 0.7 0.78 0.79 0.8 0.8059 0.825 0.83 0.835 0.8465

0.86 0.87

0.875 0.8875

0.9 0.9075 0.915 0.925 0.93

0.94 0.95 0.955

278 PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER 1

0.966~ 0.975~ 0.985~ 1.018u

1.082~ 1.094~ 1.098~ 1.lOlu 1.128~ 1.131~ 1.144~ 1.178~ 1.264~ 2u 4u

0.966 0.975 0.985 1.018

1.082 1.094 1.098 1.101

1.128 1.131

1.178 1.264 2 4

.endswavelenqth

* AM0 .LIB *

*AMOspectralirradiance

*Totalirradiance1353W/m2 * fromM.P.Thekaekara,A.J.Drummond,D.G.Murcray,P.R.Gast,

*E.G.LaueandR.CWilson, ‘Solar Electromagnetic radiation’

*NASASP8005, (1971).

* (1) spectralirradiancein (W/m2micron) * (12) reference

.subcktarnOlllO v-am0 1 10 pwl 0.120~ -1 +

0.14~ 0.03 0.15~ 0.07

0.16~ 0.23 0.17~ 0.63 0.18~ 1.25 0.19~ 2.71 0.2u 10.7 0.21u 2.9 0.22u 57.5

0.23~ 6.7 0.24~ 68 0.25~ 70.4 0.2611 180

0.27~ 232 0.28~ 2

0.29~ 482 0.295~ 584 0.3~ 514 0.305~ 603 0.310~ 689 0.315~ 764 0.32~ 830 0.325~ 975

PSPlCE Flus ufa, W CUhWElR 279

+ 0.3~ 1059 + 0.335u 1081

+ 0.34~ 1074

+ 0.345~ 1069

+ 0.35~ 1093

+ 0.355~ 1083

+ 0.360~ 1068

+ 0.365~ 1132

+ 0.370~ 1181

+ 0.375~ 1157

+ 0.38u 1120

+ 0.385u 1098

+ 0.390~ 1098

+ 0.395u 1089

+ 0.4~ 1429

+ 0.405~ 1644

+ 0.415~ 1774

+ 0.425~ 1693

+ 0.435~ 1663

+ 0.445~ 1922

+ 0.455~ 2057

+ 0.465~ 2048

+ 0.475~ 2044

+ 0.485~ 1976

+ 0.495~ 1960

+ 0.505~ 1920

+ 0.515~ 1833

+ 0.525~ 1852

+ 0.535~ 1818

+ 0.545~ 1754

+ 0.5~ 1720

+ 0.565~ 1705

+ 0.575~ 1719

+ 0.585~ 1712

+ 0.595~ 1682

+ 0.605~ 1647

+ 0.61~ 1635

+ 0.62~ 1602

+ 0.63~ 1570

+ 0.64~ 1544

+ 0.65~ 1511

+ 0.6~ 1486

+ 0.67~ 1456

+ 0.68~ 1427

+ 0.69~ 1402

+ 0.7~ 1369

+ 0.71~ 1344

+ 0.72~ 1314

+ 0.73~ 1290

+ 0.74~ 1260

+ 0.75~ 1235

+ 0.76~ 1211

+ 0.7~ 1185

+ 0.78~ 1159

+ 0.79~ 1134

+ 0.8u 1109

+ 0.81~ 1013

+ 0.82~ 1060 + 0.83~ 1036

+ 0.84~ 1013

+ 0.85u 990

+ 0.86~ 968

280 PSPlCE FINS USED IN CHAPTER

+ 0.87u + 0.88u

+ 0.89~

+ 0.9u

+ 0.91u

+ 0.92~

+ 0.93u + 0.94u

+ 0.95u

+ 0.96~

+ 0.97u

+ 0.98~

+ 0.99u

+ lu

+ 1.05~

+ l.lu

+ 1.15~

+ 1.2u

+ 1.25~ + 1.3u

+ 1.35u

+ 1.4u

+ 1.45u

+ 1.5u

+ 1.6~

+ 1.65~

+ 1.7u

+ 1.75u

+ 1.8u

+ 1.85~

+ 1.9u

+ 1.95u

+ 2u + 2.lu

+ 2.2u

+ 2.3u

+ 2.4u

+ 2.5u

+ 2.6~

+ 2.7u

+ 2.8u

+ 2.9u

+ 3u

+ 3.lu

+ 3.lu

+ 3.3u

+ 3.4u

+ 3.5u + 3.6~

+ 3.7u

+ 3.8u

+ 3.9u

+ 4u + 4.lu

+ 4.2u

+ 4.3u

+ 4.4u

+ 4.5u

+ 4.6~

+ 4.7u + 4.8u

+ 4.9u

26 2 19.2 16.6

14.6 13.5

12.3 1.1 10.3 9.5 8.7

7.8 7.1 6.5 5.9

4.8 4.5 4.1

5u 6u lu 8u 9u 1 ou 1 lu 12u

13u 14u

15u 16u 17u 18u

19u 2 ou 2 5u 3 Ou 3 5u 4 Ou

50u 60u

80u lO0u

PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER I 281

3.83 1.75 0.9 0.60 0.380 0.250 0.170 0.120

0.087 0.055

0.038 0.031 0.024

0.016 0.0061

0.003 0.0016 0.00094 0.00038 0.00019 0.00007 0.00003

.ends am0

AM0 . CIR * * * *

* (1) AMOirradiancein (W/m2micron) * (0) reference xam0 1 0 am0 r11101 .includeamO.lil:

. tran 0. lu 4u

.probe .plot tranv(l1) .end

Annex 2 PSpice Files Used in Chapter 2

Table A2.1 PSpice files used in Chapter 2

File name Description

Silicon-abs.lib Absorption coefficient for silicon Jsc.lib Subcircuit computing the spectral short circuit current, total short circuit current, quantum efficiency and spectral response

File using jsc.lib to compute the same magnitudes for given parameter values

Jsc-silicon.cir

Cell-1 -si.cir Cell-l-gaas.cir

Plots I( V) curve for a silicon

Plots I(V) curve for a GaAs solar cell solar cell

2.3.1 2.3.2

2.3.2 am 1 5g.lib

Example 2.1 wavelengthlib Example 2.2 siIicon-abs.lib

Example 2.3 jsc.lib Example 2.4

Example 2.5 Example 2.6

2.9 2.9

2.4 2.5

2.7 2.8 29 2.10

2.12 2.13

*DATATAKENFROMPClDLIBRARY *

* (1) ABSORPTIONCOEFFICIENT (1/CM) * (10) REFERENCE

.subckt silicon-abs 1110 Vabs-si 1 lOpwl 0.295~ 1.890E+06

284 PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER 2

PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER 2 285

0.9u 3.080E+02 0.9075~ 2.720E+02 0.915~ 2.555E+02 0.925~ 2.240Ei.02 0.9312 2.090E+02 0.94~ 1.820E+02 0.95~ 1.570E+02 0.955~ 1.455E+02 0.966~ 1.240E+02 0.975~ 1.040E+02

0.9851.1 8.705E+01 1.018~ 3.990E+01 1.082~ 6.20E+0 1.094~ 4.70E+0 1.098~ 3.50E+0 1.101~ 3.50E+0 1.128~ 2.00E+0 1.131~ 1.5 1.144~ 0.68 1.178~ 0.065 1.264~ 0

.ends silicon-abs

* (200) REFERENCE *(201) INPUT, WAVELENGTHINMICRON

*(202) INPUT, ABSORPTIONCOEFFICIENTIN1/CM

*(203) INPUT, SPECTRALIRRADIANCE INW/MZMICRON

"(204) INPUT,REFLECTIONCOEFFICIENT *(205) OUTPUT,EMITTERSPECTRALSHORTCIRCUITCURRENTDENSITY ( A/CMZMICRON)

*(206) OUTPUT,BASE SPECTRALSHORTCIRCUITCURRENTDENSITY(A/CMZMICRON)

*(207) OUTPUT, TOTALSHORT CIRCUITCURRENTDENSITY(A/CMZ)

*(208) OUTPUT,TOTALINTERNALQUANTUMEFFICIENCY(%) "(209) OUTPUT,TOTAL INTERNALSPECTRALRESPONSE(A/W)

*NORMALIZATIONFACTORTO1000W/M2. 1000/962.5

******* subcircuit

.subckt jsc 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209PARAMS:we=l,lp=l,dp=l,se=l, +wb=l, ln=l, dn=l, sb=l

.paramq=1.6e-19

**emitter component

286 PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER 2 eqee234 200value={v(205)*19.8/(q*v(203)*(1000/962.5)* + (1-v(204))*v(201)*lel6~};quantumefficiency

**base component egeom30 240200value={cosh(wb/ln)+sb*ln/dn*sinh(wb/ln)} egeom31241200value={sb*ln/dn*~cosh~wb/ln)-exp~-v~202~*wb~~} egeom32 242 200value={sinh(wb/ln)+v(202)*ln*exp(-v(202)*wb)} egeom33243200value={q*v(202)*v(203)*v(201~*le16/19.8*1000/962.5* + (~-v(204))*1n*exp(-we*v~202))/((1n*v~202~~~2-1~} ejscb 206 200value={v(243)*(v(202)*ln-(v(241)+v(242) )/v(240) )};short circuit eqeb 244 200va1ue={v(206)*19.8/~q*v~203~*~1000/962.5~*~1-v~204)~*v~201~*1e16~) *******totalshort circuit current ejsc207200value={le6*sdt(v(205)+v(206))} eqe208200value={~v(234)+v(244))*l00};totalquantumefficiencyin~ *******quantumefficiency esr 209200value={(v(234)+v(244))*0.808*v(201)}

. ends j sc

Annex 3 PSpice Files Used in Chapter 3

Table A3.1 PSpice files used in Chapter 3

File name Description Section includes Figures cell-1 .lib cell-1 .cir irradiance.cir Effects of the irradiance

Level 1 subcircuit of a solar cell Plots the I(V) curve of level 1

cell-2.lib Includes two diode series and shunt resistances cell-2.cir level 2 example3-3.cir Effects of series resistance values shunt.& Effects of parallel resistance diode-rec.cir cell-3.lib Effects of temperature temp.cir Effects of temperature

Plots Z(V) curves using model

Effects of the recombination diode cell-4.lib Built-in diode temperature effects and short circuit temperature coefficient temp-2.cir Shows the temperature effects cell-5.lib Space radiation effects space.cir Space radiation effects cell-beh.lib Behavioural model cell-beh.cir Behavioural circuit cell-pwl.cir Piecewise linear sources

3.2 3.2 3.3, 3.4, 3.5

3.7 3.7

3.7 3.10 3.1 1 3.12 3.12

3.12 3.13

3.14 3.14

Example 3.5 Example 3.6

Example 3.7 cell-l.lib 3.3 cell-l.lib 3.4, 3.5 Tables 3.1,

3.2, 3.3, 3.4 cell-2.lib 3.8, cell-2.lib 3.8 cell-2.lib 3.9 cell-2.lib 3.10

Table 3.5 cell-3.lib 3.1 1, Table 3.6 cell-4.lib 3.12 ceil-5.lib 3.13 Cell-beh.lib 3.15 Cell-beh.lib 3.16

288 PSPlCE FILES USED IN CHAPTER 3 * *

* EXAMPLE3-3. CIR *

* (0) REFERENCE * (31) OUTPUT

* (32) IRRADIANCE (W/M2)

.include cell-2.lib xcell2 0 31 32 cell-2params:area=126.6 jO=le-1 j02=0

+jsc=O.O343rs={RS) rsh=1000 .paramRS=l vbias 31 0 dc 0 virrad 32 0 dc 1000 .plotdci(vbias)

.dcvbiasO0.60.01 .stepparamRSlistle-4le-32e-35e-3le-22e-25e-2le-l

.probe .end

* (0) REFERENCE

* (31) OUTPUT * (32) IRRADIANCE (W/M2)

.include cell-2. lib xcell2 0 31 32 ce1-2params:area=126.6 jO=le-1 j02=0

+jsc=0.0343rs=le-6rsh={RSH}

.paramRSH=l vbias 310dc0 virrad 32 0 dc 1000 .plot dc i(vbias) .dcvbiasO0.60.01 .stepparamRSH1ist1000010001001010.1 .probe . end

* (0) REFERENCE

* (31) OUTPUT * (32) IRRADIANCE (W/M2)

PSPlCE FILES USED IN CIiMTER 3 289

.include cell-2.lib xcell203132 ce11-2params:area=126.6 jO=le-llj02={J02}

+ jsc=O .0343 rs=le-6 rsh=1000

.param J02=1 vbias 31 0 dc 0 virrad32OdclOOO .plot dc i(vbias)

.dcvbiasO0.60.01 .stepparamJ02listle-8le-7 le-6le-5le-4

.probe .end

* * * CELL-3.LIB *

* MODEL LEVEL 3 * INCLUDES THE EXTRAPOLATED

* TEMPERATUREMODEL. EG=1.17 FORTEMPERATURE *

CURRENTSOURCE SERIES RESISTANCE RS SHUNTRESISTANCE RSH BUILT-INSPICEDIODEMODELD NODES (300)REFERENCE (301) INTERNAL NODE (302)INPUT, IRRADIANCE (303) OUTPUT

.subckt cell-3 300 303 302params:area=l, jO=l, jsc=l, j02=1, rs=l, rsh=l girrad300301value={(jsc/1000)*v(302)*area} dl301300diode .modeldiode d(is=(jO*area},eg=l.l7) d2 301 300 diode2 .modeldiode2d(is={j02*area},n=2) rs 301 303 {rs} rsh 301 300 {rsh} .ends cell-3

* * CELL-5.LIB * *

SINGLEDIODE (DIFFUSION,Dl) CURRENT SOURCE SERIESRESISTANCE RS IS INTERNALLYCALCULATED BUILT-INSPICEDIODEMODELD INPUTPARAMETERS:AREA,CELLTEMPERATURE,BOLDATA,FLUENCE DEGRADATONCONSTANTS FORCURRENTANDVOLTAGE

STANDARDAMO IRRADIANCE1353W/m2

* ( 300)REFERENCE * ( 30 1) INTERNAL NODE

290 PSPICE FILES USED IN CHAPTER 3

* (302)INPUT, IRRADIANCE * (303) OUTPUT

.subckt cell-5 300 303 302params:area=l, temp=l, jscbol=l, pmaxbol=l, vocbol=l, f=l

+ ki=l, fi=l, kv=l, fv=l girrad300 30lvalue={~jscbol-ki*loglO~l+~f/fi~~~/l353*~~302~*~area~} dl 301 300 diode .modeldiode d~is={~jscbol-ki*loglO~l+~f/fi~~~*area*exp~-~vocbol-kv*loglO

+/(8.66e-S*(temp+273)))}) .funcuvetO {8.66e-5*(temp+273)} .funcvocnorm() {vocbol/uvet} .func rs0 {vocbol/~jscbol*area~-pmaxbol*~l+vocnorm~/~Jscbol**2*area*~vocnorm- +log((vocnorm)+0.72)))} rs301303 {rso} .endsce11-5

+(l+f/fv))

* (0) REFERENCE * (31) OUTPUT

* (32) IRRADIANCE (W/M2)

.include cell-5.lib xcell5 0 31 32 ce11_5params:area=8 temp=27 jscbol=0.0436 +pmaxbol=0.0208vocbol=0.608f={F}

+ki=5.26E-3fi=3.02e13kv=0.042fv=2.99e12 vbias 31 0 dc 0 .param F=l virrad32O dc1353;One sunAMO

.plot dc i (vbias) .probe .dcvbiasO0.60.01 .stepparamFlistlelOlellle12 le13 le14le15le16 .end

INPUTPARAMETERS:AREA,AM1.5 JSCR,AMl.SVOCR,AM1.5PMAXR AM1.5VMR,AM1.5 IMR, CURRENTTEMPCOEFF.,VOLTAGETEMP.COEFF, NOCT, REFERENCE TEMPERATURE

( 300) REFERENCE (301) INTERNALNODE (302) INPUT, IRRADIANCE (303) INPUT, AMBIENTTEMPERATURE (304) OUTPUT

PSPICE FILES USED IN CHM J 28t

* (305) OUTPUT, (VOLTAGE) VALUE=SHORTCIRCUITCURRENT(A) AT

* IRRADIANCEANDTEMPERATURE * (306) OUTPUT, OPENCIRCUITVOLTAGEATIRRADIANCEANDTEMPERATURE

* (308) OUTPUT,MPPCURRENT * (309) OUTPUT, MPPVOLTAGE

.subcktcell_beh300302 303304 305 306307 308 309params: area=l, +lscr=l, coef-~sc=l,vocr=l, coef-voc=l,pmaxr=l,

+noct=l,]mr=l,vmr=l,tr=l yirrad300301value={v~302~/1000*~]scr*area+coef~]sc*area*~v~307~-25B~~ elsc 305 300 value={v( 302) /1000* (]scr*area+coef-]sc*area* (v( 307) -25) 1) evoc306300value={if (~(305)>le-l,vocr+coef~voc*(v(307)-25)+8.66e-5*

+ (~(307)+273)*loq(v(305~/~area*~scr) ),O)} etcell307 300value={v(303)+(noct-20)/800*v(302)} qidiode 301300value={area*v(305)/(exp~v~306~/~8.66e-5*~~~307~+273~~~-1~* + (exp(v(301)/ (8.66e-5*(~(307)+273)))-1)} rs 301304 {vocr/(~scr*area~-pmaxr/~~scr**2*area*~vocr/O.O258-log + ((vocr/0.0258)+0.72))/(l+vocr/O.O258))} .funcfrs() {vocr/(~scr*area)-pmaxr/~~scr**2*area*~vocr/O.O258-log + ((vocr/0.0258)+0.72))/(l+vocr/O.O258))} gim300308value={]mr*area*v~302~/1000+coef~]sc*area*~v~303~-25~} rim 308 300 1 evm309300value={8.66e-5*~v~307~+273~*log(l+(v~305~-v(308))/v~305~*~exp~v~3i06~/

+ (8.66e-5*(~(307)+273)))-1))-~(308)*frs} .endscell-beh

* (307) OUTPUT, (VOLTAGE) VALUE=CELLOPERATINGTEMPERATURE("C)

* (0) REFERENCE * (32) INPUT, IRRADIANCE

* (3) INPUT, AMBIENTTEMPERATURE

* (34) OUTPUT

* (35) OUTPUT, (VOLTAGE) VALUE=SHORTCIRCUITCURRENT(A) AT

* (36) OUTPUT, OPENCIRCUITVOLTAGEATIRRADIANCEANDTEMPERATURE

* (37) OUTPUT, (VOLTAGE) VALUE=CELLOPERATINGTEMPERATURE("C)

* (38) OUTPUT, MPP CURRENT * (39) OUTPUT, MPPVOLTAGE

.include cell-beh.lib xcellbeh0 32 3 34 35 36 37 38 39 cell-behparams:area=l, tr=25, jsc1=0.0375,

+pmaxr=O.0184,vocr=0.669, jmr=35.52e-3,vmr=0.518,noct=47,

+ coef-jsc=12.5e-6, coef-voc=-3.le-3 virrad32Odc500 vtemp 3 0 dc 25 vbias 34 0 dc 0 rim 38 0 1

.option stepgmin .plotdci(vbias) .probe

.dcvbiasO0.70.001

.end

Annex 4 PSpice Files Used in Chapter 4

Table A4.1 PSpice files used in Chapter 4

File name Description Section Lnchuks 15!9= seriessir bypassxir

Shunt2.cir example4-2.cir example4-2b.cir module-1 .lib module-1 .cir module-conv.cir module-beh.lib module-beh.cir

6x3-array.cir shadowxir generator-beh.lib generator-beh.cir

I(V) curve of two solar cells in series

I(V) curve of 12 solar cells in series with bypass diode

I(V) curve of two solar cells in parallel

(Parte 1 de 4)

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