QIGONG - the secret of youth

QIGONG - the secret of youth

(Parte 1 de 7)

Da Mo's Muscle/Tendon changing and Marrow/5rain

Washing classics

Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming �1tJiit�±

YMM Publication Center Boston, Mass. USA

YMAA Publication Center Main Office: 4354 Washington Street Boston, Massachusetts, 02131 617-323-7215 ymaa@aol.com w.ymaa.com

Copyright ©2000 by Yang, Jwing-Ming Second Edition

Cover design by Richard Rossiter ISBN: 1-886969-84-1

All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.


Publisher's Cataloging in Publication (Prepared by Quality Books Inc.)

Yang, Jwing-Ming, 1946-

Qigong, the secret of youth : D<:� Mo's muscle/tendon and marrow/brain washing classics I Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming. --2nd ed.

p. em. -(Qigong-in depth ; 2)

Includes index.

First ed. published in 1989 under title

Muscle/tendon changing and marrow/brain washing chi kung.

LCCN: 9-69439 ISBN: 1-886969-84-1 l. Ch'i kung-Therapeutic use. I. Title.

RM727.C54Y36 2000 610'.951 QBI00-80

The authors and publisher of this material are NOT RESPONSIBLE in any manner whatsoever for any injury which may occur through reading or following the instructions in this manual. The activities, physical or otherwise, described in this material may be too strenuous or dangerous for some people, and the reader(s) should consult a physician before engaging in them.

Printed in Canada


Dr. Thomas G. Gutheil, M.D. for his continuous encouragement and support

About Li, Qing·Yun IWI���t�

Li, Qing-Yun was born in 1678 A.D. (Qing Kang Xi 17th Year, 5t-*JW:+-t::lf-) in Qi

Jiang Xian, Sichuan province ( 1!!1 Iii •�� ). Later he immigrated to Kai Xian, Chen's family field (Chen Jia Chang, r�tH•t.Pt't:� ). He died in 1928 A.D. at the age of 250 years. When he was 71 years old (I 749 A.D., Qing Qian Long 14th year, 5HtJ1t+t!!11f-), he joined the army of provincial Commander-in-ChiefYue, Zhong-Qi ( **�).Most of his wives died early, so during the course of his life he married fourteen times.

Li was a herbalist, and skilled in Qigong and spent much of his life in the moun tain ranges. In 1927 General Yang Sen ( �4) invited Li to his residence in Wan Xian, Sichuan province ( 1•,M. ), where a picture was taken of him. Li died the next year when he returned from this trip.

After he died, General Yang investigated Li's background to determine the truth of his story, and later wrote a report about him entitled: A Factual Account of the 250

Year-Old Good-Luck Man (Er Bai Wu Shi Sui Ren Rui Shi]i, -=-ali.+jtA.J.t•i�). which was published by the Chinese and Foreign Literature Storehouse (Zhong Wai Wen Ku,

'1'9-��Jf), Taipei, Taiwan.

All of the information available indicates that the story is true. Li, Qing-Yun's lega cy to us is the fact that it is possible for a human being to live more than 200 years if he or she knows how. Because of this we deeply believe that, if we humbly study and research, the day will come when everyone will live at least 200 years.


Romanization of Chinese Wordsx
Foreword by Master Mantak Chicxi
Preface-First Editionxiii
Preface-New Editionxv
About the Authorxviii

Contents Acknowledgments xvii

Part One General Concepts

Chapter 1 Introduction 3 1.1 The Value ofTradition 1.2 What are Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing? 1.3 How the Yin Gin Ching and Xi Sui Jing Have Affected Chinese Culture 1.4 The Value of the Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing in Today's World 1.5 How to Approach This Book 1.6 About This Book

Chapter 2. Historical Survey 21 2.1 Before Da Mo

2.2 Da Mo, the Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing 2.3 After Da Mo 2.4 Stories

Chapter 3. Buddhist and Daoist Qigong 41 3.1 Buddhist and Daoist Qigong 3.2 The Differences between Buddhist and Daoist Qigong 3.3 The Two Major Styles of Daoist Qigong

Chapter 4. Kan and Li 5 4.1 What are Kan and Li? 4.2 Kan and Li in Modern Science 4.3 The Keys to Kan and Li Adjustment

4.4 Kan and Li in Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing

Part Two Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong (Yi Jin Jing)

Chapter 5. Theories and Principles 73 5.1 Introduction

5.2 General Concepts from Old Documents 5.3 Purposes, Advantages, and Disadvantages

5.4 Wai Dan and Nei Dan Yi Jin Jing 5.5 Wai Zhuang and Nei Zhuang

5.6 Iron Shirt and Golden Bell Cover 5.7 Training Theory

5.8 Other Concerns


Chapter 6. Yi Jin Jing Qigong Training ..119

6.1 Important Training Rules 6.2 Who Can Train? 6.3 Keys to Training 6.4 When to Train 6. 5 Wai Dan Yi Jin Jing Training 6.6 Nei Dan Yi Jin Jing Training 6.7 Yi Jin Jing Training Schedule 6.8 Other Considerations 6.9 Conclusion

Chapter 7. Theories and Principles191

Part Three MarTOW /Brain Washing Qigong (Xi Sui Jing) 7.1 Introduction 7.2 The Eight Vessels and Xi Sui Jing Qigong 7.3 Theories 7.4 Training Concepts 7.5 Wai Dan and Nei Dan Xi Sui Jing

Chapter 8. Xi Sui Jing Qigong Training225

8.1 Introduction 8.2 Who is Qualified to Train?

8.3Poetry 8.4 Refining the Essence and Converting It into Qi (Lian Jing Hua Qi)

8.5 Purifying Qi and Converting It into Shen (Lian Qi Hua Shen) 8.6 Washing the Marrow and Conquering the Hair (Xi Sui Fa Mao) 8.7 Refining Shen and Returning It to Nothingness (Lian Shen Fan Xu) 8.8 Crushing the Nothingness (Fen Sui Xu Kong)

Chapter 9. Questions275
Chapter 1 0. Conclusion281

Part Four Questions and Conclusion

Appendix B. Glossary of Chinese Terms297

Appendix A. Herbal Prescriptions for Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing Training .285 Index 309 ix

Romanization of Chinese Words

Romanization of Chinese Words

This book uses the Pinyin romanization system of Chinese to English. Pinyin is standard in the People's Republic of China and in several world organizations, including the United Nations. Pinyin, which was introduced in China in the 1950s, replaces the Wade-Giles and Yale systems. In some cases, the more popular spelling of a word may be used for clarity.

Some common conversions:

Pinyin Qi Qigong QinNa Jin Gongfu Taijiquan

Also Spelled As Chi

Chi Kung Chin Na Jing Kung Fu Tai Chi Chuan

Pronunciation che che kung chin na jin gong foo tl je chiien

For more information, please refer to The People's Republic of China:

Administrative Atlas, The Reform of the Chinese Written Language, or a contemporary manual of style.



Master Mantak Chia

There is a growing wave of popular interest in Qigong now, both in China and the rest of the world. To learn Qigong, the most important prerequisite is to have a qual ified instructor. Unfortunately, masters who really know the full internal system of Qi development are few and far between.

Even if one finds an instructor who is qualified, receiving instruction from him or her may be another matter. When I visited Taiwan in 1987, the going price for learn ing Bone Marrow Nei Gong (part of the Iron Shirt Qigong training) was about two thousand U.S. dollars for ten hours of instruction. Students were also required to take an oath of absolute secrecy, promising not to teach anyone else. Other masters required their students to serve them slavishly for years before imparting their secrets, and even then they would only teach a select few. After all of that, the master might still hold back some of the teachings for fear that the student might surpass him in knowledge and skill and usurp his position. However, the world is quite different now. In the olden days, using Iron Shirt prac tice to strengthen the body so that it could withstand blows was regarded as a military secret of great value, and thus kept private. In the twentieth century with guns, planes and bombs, the need for this secrecy is outmoded. Now the deeper benefits of the training such as its ability to rejuvenate and energize the body and mind for health, spiritual development, and healing, must be emphasized. I feel it is now necessary to have full disclosure of these treasures to improve the energy and spiritual well-being of the world.

If Chinese masters have traditionally been secretive about teaching their Chinese students the true methods, they have been even more reluctant to teach foreigners. Fortunately, quite a few masters, including Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming and myself, have broken through this cultural barrier, and are offering to teach students who are sin cerely interested in learning, regardless of nationality.

Dr. Yang has done considerable research, exploring the I Chin Ching (or Yi ]in

]ing) and Iron Shirt Qigong within both historical and scientific contexts. Readers not fluent in the Chinese language will appreciate Dr. Yang's translations of the various ancient texts relating to these methods, and all readers should enjoy his breakdown and analysis of the different historical purposes of I Chin Ching and Iron Shirt among both the Daoists and the Buddhists.

Dr. Yang and I also share the view that it is essential to do our best to understand

Qigong in the light of modern science, while still respecting the wisdom and research we have inherited from our own masters of the past. Chinese medical theory has a deep understanding of Qi and the energetic network of the body. As we combine this with the knowledge of Western anatomy, physiology and psychology, along with recent discoveries in bioelectricity, we will surely enjoy the best of both worlds.


Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming's book is a major contribution to the literature of Chinese

Qigong. It is my hope that works such as this will continue to appear, so that the stan dards for Qigong practice around the world will not deteriorate behind a wall of secrecy, but will, through open sharing of our knowledge, rise to an unprecedented level of excellence.

Master Mantak Chia $�-1-t

Preface First Edition

Preface-First Edition

Muscle/Tendon Changing (Yi Jin, � M ) and Marrow/Brain Washing (Xi Sui, i.lttl) Qigong have been known in China since the Liang dynasty {502 A.D., *).However, they were kept secret, and only in the last fifty years has this knowledge gradually been revealed to the general public. Within a short period of time, these two arts have not only been widely adopted by Qigong practitioners, but they have also interested many Chinese medical scientists and bioscientists.

Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong specializes in circulating Qi in the twelve pri mary Qi channels and the two major Qi vessels {Conception and Governing Vessels). The training will strengthen your physical body, including muscles and tendons, and maintain the smooth circulation of Qi in the primary channels and the internal organs, which is the key to maintaining health and slowing down the degeneration of the physical body.

Usually, after a practitioner becomes familiar with the Muscle/Tendon Changing

Qigong, he will enter the deeper field of Qigong training, that of Marrow/Brain Washing. This teaches the practitioner how to fill up the Qi in the "eight extraordi nary Qi vessels." In Chinese medicine; the vessels are considered reservoirs of Qi, and they regulate the Qi in the body's primary Qi channels and organs. A strong and abun dant store of Qi is the key to keeping your body healthy and extending your life. Theoretically, your body deteriorates as you age mainly because your blood loses its ability to feed and protect your body. The red and white blood cells are produced by your bone marrow, but as you grow older, the marrow becomes "dirty," and produces fewer and fewer useful blood cells. However, if you know how to "wash" the marrow, it will start, once again, to produce fresh, healthy blood. Your body will begin to reju venate itself, and restore itself to the glowing health of youth.

Most important of all, the practitioner of Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong is able to lead Qi to his brain to nourish it, and to raise up his spirit. To the Daoists and Buddhists, Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong is the path to reach the final goal of enlightenment or Buddhahood. Part of Marrow/Brain Washing involves stimulating the sexual organs. In their thoroughness, the ancient Qigong practitioners discovered that, in addition to providing hormones, the genitals are also a potent source of the Qi which is necessary for the training.

The contents of this volume are drawn from the many published documents that

I have collected. Once I understood them, I filtered out the questionable parts and, based on my own knowledge, added some theory and commentary. Although I believe that this book provides an in-depth discussion of these two arts, there is one deficien cy, namely that we only discuss the training for the male. There are two reasons for this. The first is that the available documents have very little information on women's xiii

Prefac�irst Edition training. The second is that as a male I do not have the necessary experience. I do believe, however, that it doesn't matter whether you are male or female, the training theory remains the same. Female readers who would like more information about these two arts may refer to the book Bone Marrow Qjgong, by Mantak Chia and Maneewan Chia.

In the next few years, YMAA will continue to publish more volumes of its in depth Qigong book series for those readers who wish to advance their Qigong knowledge and practice into a deeper level. The complete series will consist of:

I. The Root of Chinese Qjgong-The Secrets of Qjgong Training, published 1989.

2. Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong-The Secret ofYouth (Yi]in]ingandXi Sui]ing), published 1989.

3. Qjgong Massage-Qjgong Tui Na and Cavity Press for Healing (Qjgong An

Mo and Qjgong Dian Xue). First Volume: Qjgong Massage-General Massage, published 1992. Second Volume: Healing Massage, in progress.

4. Qjgong and Health--For Healing and Maintaining Health, in progress.

5. Qjgong and Martial Arts-The Key to Advanced Martial Arts Skill. (New Tide: The Essence ofShaolin White Crane, published 1996).

6. Buddhist Qjgong-Chan, The Root of Ren (in progress).

7. Daoist Qjgong (Dan Ding Dao Gong) (New Tide: Small Circulation, Grand Circulation, in progress).

8. Tibetan Qjgong (Mi Zong Shen Gong).

The first volume, The Root of Chinese Qjgong introduced the historical background and the different categories of Qigong, Qigong theory and principles, and the keys to Qigong training. That volume provided a map of the world of Qigong. We recom mend that you read that book before any of the others.

In this second volume, Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing

Qjgong (original tide), Part One will introduce the general concepts of the two arts, Part Two will discuss both theory and training principles of the Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong, and Part Three will discuss the theory and the training of Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong. Finally, Part Four will contain a list of the questions which remain in my mind, and the Conclusion to the book.


Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming, 1989

Preface New Edition

Preface-New Edition

One of my dreams after I came to the USA in 1974 was to introduce traditional

Chinese culture to the West. I believe that every culture in this world has its own inde pendent, unique virtues which have already been tested, developed, and accepted over a long period of time. In ancient times, all of these different cultures and traditions were separated by the difficulty of travel and communication. Since travel and com munication have become so convenient nowadays, I feel that the old separations should be bridged, and cultures should sincerely accept and learn from each other. If we share the experiences accumulated by the different human cultures, we will be able to remember the pain, the suffering, the hate, and the love, and we may be able to avoid making some of the same mistakes. We may even be able to help ourselves attain a higher standard of living both mentally, spiritually, and physically.

(Parte 1 de 7)